Case of Cuba - Case of Cuba Galeano Perspective o Cuba was...

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Case of Cuba Galeano Perspective: o Cuba was colonized by Spaniards and as a result Spaniards took their resources and exploited the people—particularly sugar, but other agricultural products with export opportunities o Single product that they traded with the rest of the world—did this by importing African slaves o Legacy of colonialism—production and rule by small Spanish elite o US investors took away the economy from the Spaniards o Dependency on a single product, structural issues, inequality Sowell Perspective: o Country found its export niche to export sugar and tobacco—gives you a comparative trade advantage o Creates infrastructure, economically grows, and natural trade partner 1898: Platt Amendment was immediately signed when received independence from Spain US needed to help Cuba because they weren’t ready for self-sufficient government It was in Cuba’s best interest to allow the US to oversee Cuba and have the ability to exercise their veto—Sowell Gitmo was given to US on agreement of annual payments Galeano: you have locked in a dependent economic relationship—sell sugar to US—only one good to one country makes you very dependent on that country—what influence does Cuba have over the US? 1920s and 1930s Cuba gets developed in Havana—hotels bars, tourism—during period of prohibition very favorable to travel to Cuba Cuba sets up their economy to attract other countries—leads to loss of culture, and the problem of having to compete with other countries Cuban Success: o By 1950s—Cuba in comparison with other countries was in the top 5 Catch is wealth distribution: o Havana in the 1940s and 1950s was developed like Miami—held resources like hospitals, was very urbanized, and a majority of the population was literate o Rural Cuba is paying the price—only 1 rural hospital Contextual Causes for Revolution: o Wide spread disparities between wealth—inequality o Separation between elites by Batista—offset poor o US investors owning land and reaping benefits Encourages Cuban nationalism
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Anti-US sentiment—want to be truly independent from the US o Nature of government itself Dictatorships allow you to focus on one person (target)—Batista Batista and his cronies get all of the benefits o Revolutionaries themselves—strategy, tactics,--learned from other
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Case of Cuba - Case of Cuba Galeano Perspective o Cuba was...

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