Spanish American War to 1930

Spanish American War to 1930 - Spanish American War to 1930...

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Spanish American War to 1930: Caribbean Washington wanted to reduce, if not eliminate, European presence, looking for opportunities of investment and trade Also wanted the creation of shipping lanes for US commerce Desire to construct a canal in Central America that would establish a link between the east and west coasts of the US and the far east Spanish-Cuban-American War: After Great Depression of 1893, protectionist tariff of 1894 removed provisions for reciprocity, and the Cuban economy collapsed Led by the Maceo Brothers and inspired by writings of exiled Jose Marti, Cuban forces mounted a determined drive for independence from Spain Chaos resulting from military campaigns offered a short-lived pretext for intervention by US 1896 US Congress declared that we should be prepared to protect the legitimate interests of our citizens, by intervention if necessary—US had spent millions on investments in mines and plantations Cleveland refused to intervene and in 1896 offered to mediate the conflict—Spain refused and sought support form other European powers to forestall US intervention US initially supported autonomy for Cuba under a reformed colonial regime, but this was not acceptable to Spain or Cuba Spain wanted to maintain its empire Cubans fought for independence—which both Spain and US rejected 1897 McKinley became president: received a letter from Spain saying he was “weak” and an explosion of the US battleship Maine McKinley demanded reparations from Spain but ultimately said war anyways—“in the name of humanity, in the name of civilization, on behalf of endangered American interests” McKinley also called for independence of Cuba US attacked Spanish fleet and easily defeated them, and according to peace terms, Cuba attained independence from Spain, and US assumed control of Puerto Rico and Guam, and for a payment of $20 million also the Philippine Islands What had started as a war to liberate Cuba, turned into a war to expand the American Empire Cuba gained independence, but not from the US—Us attached to Cuba’s new constitution the Platt Amendment, permitting the US to intervene in the affairs of the island
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Panama The need to build a canal in Central America first was focused on Nicaragua and the Colombian province of Panama 1878 Colombian government authorized a French group to dig a route through Panama US continued to focus on Nicaragua Financial Panic of 1893 caused both groups to quit As a bitter internal struggle was closing in Colombia, Washington dispatched troops to quell disorder in 1903 in Panama—authorized US to build a canal in Panama Congress approved the document but Colombian legislature refused US started plans for a separatist movement in Panama As uprising began, US ships prevented Colombian troops from going into Panama Within days, Washington extended recognition to the newly sovereign government of Panama A treaty was hastily signed giving the US control of a 10 mile wide canal zone Intervention:
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