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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Culturedefined in two distinct ways 1...

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Chapter 3: Culture—defined in two distinct ways: 1) as a particular group’s underlying values, and 2) as a system of meaning that shapes the way members of groups make sense of the people and events they encounter o Both views reflect culture as a collective concept—it takes a group to have culture, an individual cannot have culture Political culture—underlying set of values and beliefs about politics and the system of meaning for interpreting politics held by a given population o Beliefs about authority: vertical social relations occur in hierarchical societies, with those on top having the right to impose their decisions upon those at the bottom; horizontal social relation’s emphasize equality and a role for many members of society to help shape political and social decisions o Group versus individual: individualistic political cultures discourage governments from implementing policies that protect groups or that level the economic playing field in society; collectivistic political cultures tend to coincide with government programs aimed at benefiting large numbers of people o Liberty versus security: where freedom is more important than order and
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