Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Parliamentary systema political...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 6: Parliamentary system—a political system in which the chief executive is directly responsible to the legislature and elections can be held at irregular intervals o The head of government—Prime Minster, premier, or chancellor o Fusion of the executive and legislative branches – creates the process for electing the chief executive, the separation of the head of government and the head of state, and the lack of fixed term s for the chief executive and national legislature o Selection of the Chief Executive and Formation of Government: Constituents do not directly elect the PM Head of state—official rep of a country to other countries, who may or may not also be that country’s head of government—usally holds the official power to select the prime minister PM is the head of government, and he forms and directs the cabinet and other important ministry heads, overseeing the actions of these officials and coordinating their efforts to formulate new polcies MP—member of parliament—chief execs in UK and Germany are members along with other government ministers When one political party wins a majority of seats in the parliament, the leader of that party usually becomes PM—if no party has a majority, two or more political parties form a “coalition”—a group pf political parties that formally agree to work together to pass legislation PM would then be the leader of the ruling coalition’s biggest party The formation of coalitions can involve intense political bargaining including “portfolios”—positions in the government associated with a particular ministry “minimum necessary winning coalition”—a collation involving only the parties required to gain control of a majority of the seats in parliament such a coalition requires strong “party discipline”—the extent to which members of the legislature follow the direction of their party leaders “grand coalition”—a coalition involving two or more large parties that gives the coalition control over a large majority of seats very rare Frontbenchers members of the government who sit in the front row near the prime minister during parliamentary debates Backbenchers
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Parliamentary systema political...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online