chapter 11 - Ch 11 Four Important Cognitive Processes...

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Ch 11: Four Important Cognitive Processes Social cognition – the study of mental processes and structures used to make sense of, remember, and think about people and interactions Influence our perceptions of people and events Enables you to categorize individuals and make sense of social interactions Knowledge structures and communication Schemata – knowledge structures developed over lifetime Help them interpret, remember, and organize new info Influenced by the culture in which they live Self-schemata Reflect peoples’ views of themselves and guide how they process info about themselves Event schemata (also called scripts) Help people recognize the typical ways in which a sequence of actions tends to unfold Role schemata Provide info about appropriate behavior based on social categories such as race, age, sex, occupation (stereotypes) Person schemata Reflect people’s understanding of individuals they know (my husband, Alex) and/or particular types of people (happy people) This knowledge guides interactions with others A 5 th shemata (Planalp) Relational schemata
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Ch 11: Four Important Cognitive Processes Make sense of their love, friendship, family, and work bonds Help predict, interpret, expect, and remember things for those different types of relationships Pluralistic families – communication is open; discussion is encouraged Consensual families – strong pressure toward agreement; children are supposed to be involved in the family without disturbing the family’s power structure Laissez-faire famlies – little direction comes from parents to children; children are influence by those outside the family Protective families – obedience is highly valued; the family is focused internally 4 important cognitive processes 1. Interpersonal Expectancies How you think the interaction or relationship will go Guide our communication with others – focuses on how we think people will/should communicate with us – can be reflected in our behavior as we act in ways that adapt to the expectations we have for others Self-fulfilling prophecy – in the beginning, a false definition of the situation evoking a new behavior in which makes the originally false conception come true Self-disconfirming prophecy – beliefs we have about others make them act in ways that would counter the expectancy Our “opposite behaviors helping bring about behaviors that went against how we expected them to act Example: if you believed a student was not likely to be friendly, you act unfriendly towards them, causing them to be unfriendly back. This person may have acted friendly if your behavior towards them was different (self-fulfilling)
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course COM 336 taught by Professor Larrynadler during the Spring '12 term at Miami University.

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chapter 11 - Ch 11 Four Important Cognitive Processes...

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