HIST 2057 Final.docx - LECTURE 14 SOURCES 7G Herbert Hoover...

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LECTURE 14 SOURCES 7G Herbert Hoover “rugged Individualism Speech” Campaign (1928) “During the war we necessarily turned to the government to solve every difficult economic problem... For the preservation of the state the Federal Government became a centralized despotism which undertook unprecedented responsibilities, assumed autocratic powers, and took over the business of citizens. To a large degree, we regimented our whole people temporarily into a socialist state. However, justified in war time, if continued in peace-time it would destroy not only our American system but with it our progress and freedom as well…” “When the war closed, the most vital of issues both in our own country and around the world was whether government should continue their wartime ownership and operation of many [instruments] of production and distribution. We were challenged with a... choice between the American system of rugged individualism and a European philosophy of diametrically opposed doctrines of paternalism and state socialism. The acceptance of these ideas would have meant the destruction of self-government through centralization... [and] the undermining of the individual initiative and enterprise through which our people have grown to unparalleled greatness.” Explanation : Businesses were thrilled that hover was being elected. hoovers idea that Americans should not be dependent on the gov basically opposite of Roosevelt plan who gave them government jobs such as conservation of parks so hoover was trying to give money to the businesses so that they could get up and running to boost the economy after gd but this does not work cause of no consumerism and that money does not go around the whole idea is bad. hoover- speech, argued that the republican party was smart to roll back the regulations The government lifted the regulations off the factories and just gave them money and let them handle things he wanted to set the regulations free and let the economy flow. Americans used to solely rely on the government but if we keep doing that we will lose our freedom this means everyone for themselves no aid for the poor Franklin Roosevelt, “Forgotten Man” address, 1932 “These unhappy times call for the building of plans that rest upon the forgotten, the unorganized but the indispensable units of economic power, for plans like those of 1917 that build from the bottom up and not from the top down, that put their faith once more in the forgotten man at the bottom of the economic pyramid.” THIS ONE WAS IN THE LECTURE BUT NOT IN THE WEEK 7 SOURCES Example: Roosevelt redefined the phrase in a radio address he gave on April 7, 1932 . Roosevelt used the phrase to describe the poor men who needed money and were not getting it, promoting his New Deal. ...

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