Study Guide Mid-Semester URS1006

Study Guide Mid-Semester URS1006 - Topics and Questions...

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Topics and Questions Addressed Tuesday, August 30, 2011 • What is planning? o When government officials, business leaders, and citizens come together to build communities that enrich people’s lives. • Why do we need to Plan for World Cities? o World population has exploded o Mass urbanization-19 th century to present 10% lived in cities in 1990 50% lived in cities in 2007 75% will be living in cities in 2050 o Decentralization has proven not entirely sustainable in most cases o More people on less land Resources-energy, services, food… Health and housing Environment Disasters o Hubs of immigration and globalization o Hubs of regional, national and global economy o Good planning implementation stands the test of time… o Poor planning implementation often requires intervention. Thursday, September 1, 2011 • What is urbanization? o a process focused on: the physical movement of people from rural to urban places Urban place- usually defined in part on some minimum size of population and density. The change in lifestyle associated with movement to cities. • A rough early time line. o Animal husbandry 8000 bc o ~7500 bc Jericho, 6000 bc Wall and Administration o 4000 bc Food Surpluses Tigris Euphrates o 2500-2400 Regular Trade Develops along Persian Gulf o 2300 bc Sargon Rules Agade near Babylon (shift from Ur) o 1792 bc Hammurabi • Why do the dates keep changing on the historical time line of city formation? • What is a city? o Political designation referring to a place governed by a specific form or forms of government. o Aristotle- The city is established for purposes of survival and is intended for well-being. o Latin : two key terms Civitas (city) - a community of people in a settlement. Urb (urban) – the physical place they lived. • What is a Metropolis? o A large city area, anchored by a chief city surrounded by several other cities; “the metro area” Metropolitan area- central city, its adjacent jurisdictions, and surrounding territory integrated with the city. • How are they classified? • Urban Spatial Form? o Urban morphology- description of the form of the city The shape of the urbanized area
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Linear, compact, clustered, widely dispersed, sprawling o Core- the largest city in the system o Periphery- other cities and rural areas in the region o Hinterland- rural tributary areas linked to an urban center. • The general concept behind the Central Place Theory o A geographic element of location theory with reference to size and distribution of settlements within an urban system. o Central place theory describes how settlements locate in relation to one another, the amount of market area a central place can control, and why some central places function as hamlets, villages, towns, or cities. • Is the CPT still relevant today?
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Study Guide Mid-Semester URS1006 - Topics and Questions...

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