Anthropology 100 Lecture Notes 5

Anthropology 100 Lecture Notes 5 - Haylee Davis...

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Haylee Davis Anthropology 100 Lecture Notes #5 Classification: Homo, Pan, Gorilla, Pongo (greater apes) Hylobates (lesser apes) -no fossil record -lived and died in areas that didn’t have preservation >40 known genera of nonhuman hominoids-probably just a small percentage of total that have existed -hominoids=apes (big umbrella group) -biomass of Miocene larger than today (monkeys occupy space today) 3 Major Events: 1. Emergence of Hominoids, Oligocene 2. Emergence of Hominids, Middle Miocene (great apes) 3. Emergence of Hominins, Late Miocene (bipedal great apes) “Typical” Early Miocene Apes -Basis(preadaptations) for subsequent hominin variation -Proconsul species -Frugivorous (teeth) -Monkey-sized (skeleton) -Generalized arboreal quadruped -Movement -In many ways like arboreal quadruped monkey -Deep, narrow ribcage with laterally places scapulae (shoulder blades) -Long lower back with great flexibility -Shoulder and hip girdles that adducted arms and legs of equal length -Hands down and on soles of feet -Elbow joints that reflect power ‘ -Most obvious non-monkey trait -lacks a tail -disadvantage (balance with tails) -Tailless: reflects de-emphasis on aboreal running and leaping and emphasis instead deliberate movement with hand and foot grasping
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2012 for the course ANT 100 taught by Professor Bowie during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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Anthropology 100 Lecture Notes 5 - Haylee Davis...

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