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~たら、~ば、~&

~たら、~ば、~&

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JAPN004 vs. vs. vs. are all “conditionals” in Japanese. You should know that there are cases in which all four can be used. However, this is limited to the following cases: (i) there is no fixed time sequence between the two parts connected by them and (ii) it is a general statement that is in non-past form. (1) { } “It’s convenient if you understand Japanese.” Otherwise, each form has a certain characteristics that make it suitable in some cases, but not in others. is the most widely used of the four, but you should notice that consists of “past” tense form, so there must be a fixed time sequence between the two parts connected by such that the first part must occur first. (2) “Please buy a camera when you go to Japan.” (i.e., You are asked to buy a camera in Japan, AFTER you go to Japan.) on the other hand, does not specify such time sequence. (3) “If you are going to Japan, please buy a camera.” (i.e., You are asked to buy a camera either BEFORE or AFTER you go to Japan.)
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