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MWF_24 - Organic Lecture Series CH 310/318 M Textbook...

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Organic Lecture Series 1 CH 310/318 M LECTURE 24 Textbook Assignment: Chapter 8 Today’s Topics: Structure, Nomenclature, Properties Notice & Announcements: No HW-this week XM 2 Wednesday Organic Lecture Series Organic Lecture Series 2 Haloalkanes Chapter 8
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Organic Lecture Series 3 Haloalkane (alkyl halide): A compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to an sp 3 hybridized carbon; given the symbol RX. Haloalkene (vinylic halide): A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to an sp 2 hybridized carbon. Haloarene (aryl halide): A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to a benzene ring; given the symbol ArX. We study these in Chapter 21. Structure Organic Lecture Series Organic Lecture Series 4 1. Number the parent chain to give the substituent encountered first the lowest number, whether it is halogen or an alkyl group. 2. Indicate halogen substituents by the prefixes fluoro-, chloro-, bromo-, and iodo- and list them in alphabetical order with other substituents. 3. Locate each halogen on the parent chain by giving it a number preceding the name of the halogen. 4. In haloalk enes , number the parent chain to give carbon atoms of the double bond the lower set of numbers. Nomenclature
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Organic Lecture Series 5 – examples Common names: name the alkyl group followed by the name of the halide.
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