Lecture 7 - Forces Within The Screen

Lecture 7 - Forces Within The Screen - Chapter 7 Six major...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7 Six major types: Main directions Magnetism of the frame Asymmetry of the frame Figure and ground Psychological closure Vectors 2 Horizontal and Vertical: Horizontal directions are easier to manage, and they suggest tranquility and rest. Vertical directions are harder to manage, and seem more dynamic, powerful, and exciting. 3 4 Horizontal main direction Vertical main direction Our environment is a combination of horizontals and verticals, so we feel a sense of stability when viewing images that have horizontals and verticals that are perpendicular to the level ground. 5 6 We have an uncanny sense of horizontal and vertical accuracy we can tell if a picture is hanging crooked just by eyeballing it. If we can perceive a tilt, our reliable and stable reference the earth is upset. The lack of a stable reference may cause us psychophysical discomfort. Tilting the horizontal plane on screen or canting the camera may add a dynamic element to the scene or suggest extreme physical or mental stress. 7 8 The borders of a picture field or a screen act like magnets: they have a tendency to attract objects near them. This is called magnetism of the frame , and it can be so strong that it can counteract our natural reactions to forces like gravity. 9 Take a look at the diagrams on page 106: The closer an object is to the top of the frame, the more it will seem that it is attached to the top edge of the screen. It takes a certain amount of distance between the object and the edge of the screen before gravity takes over Magnetism comes to play with sides and corners of the frame, 10 Take a look at the diagrams on page 105: The sides of a frame have a strong pull as well. The corners of a frame combine magnetism from two sides (side and bottom or side and top depending on where the object is), and therefore exert a very strong pull. It is important to avoid compositions which have dominant lines leading to the corner of the screen, because object will appear to be pulled toward the corners. 11 The pull of the side edges can be used for your advantage- positive pull of side edges For instance, in the picture below, to emphasize the size /mystery of the box etc. Negative pull of side edges- When you frame someones head in a way that it looks abnormal/bulky. See example in the book- Pg110....
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Lecture 7 - Forces Within The Screen - Chapter 7 Six major...

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