WrittenAssignment1_HIS-114_RaymondMilek - Written...

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Written Assignment 1 (Questions 1&3) by Raymond Milek 1. The questions I will be answering are in regards to the western movement of settlers after the Civil War, the Reconstruction plans of the era’s leaders, and the Fourteenth Amendment. There is no doubt that the U.S. government wanted settlers to move west, and they did not disappoint. There was great incentive for these western-bound settlers to move, but the Native Americans suffered as a result of these promises. Also, the Reconstruction ideas of Lincoln, Johnson, and Congress will be reviewed and discussed, as well as the Fourteenth Amendment, and its impact on Reconstruction and civil rights. The several decades in which these events took place were a time of radical change in our nation, as well as one of the most important eras regarding the way our nation is now shaped and governed. After the Civil War, our country was in a state of disarray. People wanted to start over and have a better life. These wants led to the westward movement of settlers after (before, as well) the Civil War. Goldfields and rich farmlands of the west were a great motivation for the settlers to move west. People were aware of the first gold rush, and wanted their own chance to strike it rich. The United States 1
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government gave the settlers even more reason to move westward. The Homestead Act of 1862 and the transcontinental railroads were both great incentives for those who traveled west. The Homestead Act of 1862 was a promise, by the United States government, of 160 free acres of land to any citizen who settled on the land for a period of five years. For the average eastern family, this proposition seemed too good to be true (which settlers would later find to be the case). Once the masses began to head west, they soon realized that most of the land was privately owned, and being sold for prices too outrageous for the average poor family. Not only was
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WrittenAssignment1_HIS-114_RaymondMilek - Written...

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