WrittenAssignment3_PSY-379_RaymondMilek - 1 Thomas Edison...

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1 Thomas Edison State College Raymond Milek SID#0483682 2/18/2012 PSY-379 Social Psychology January, 2012 Semester Written Assignment 3 A. Explain the findings of Rhee et al. (107-114), who administered the Twenty Statements Test and found that differences in self-concept vary depending on culture. The Twenty Statements Test was a study done by Eun Rhee, et alia, which was a look into the way members of different cultural backgrounds describe themselves and their role in the world. People from several different cultural groups were studied; among them were Euro- Americans, several different groups of “self-identified” Asian-Americans, and Koreans. The types of societies from which these individual hailed from were labeled, as were the way the individuals described themselves. In short, one could say that the study was a matter of spontaneous self-description and ethnic identity (Miserandino, 107). The individuals studied were identified as belonging to one of two different types of societies. Individuals were either described as belonging to an individualist (independent and private) or collectivist (interdependent and part of a group) culture (Miserandino, 107). Self- concrete (situated) (Miserandino, 107). The findings of the study resulted in an interchangeable use of these independent-interdependent and abstract-concrete descriptions. Results of the study did show that most members of the individualist (or independent) cultures gave abstract descriptions of themselves, while the collectivist (or interdependent) culture members were
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2 prone to more concrete descriptions (Miserandino, 112-113). Some examples of self-description from each group were terms such as “shy, strong, and warm” (abstract terms), in individualist cultures, and “mother, worker, and husband” (concrete terms), in collectivist cultures (Miserandino, 107). There were also two other dimensions of self-description that further divided the cultures, although past studies had shown a closer correlation with the two following groups. These other two groups of self-concept are abstract-specific and autonomous-social (Miserandino, 111). The
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WrittenAssignment3_PSY-379_RaymondMilek - 1 Thomas Edison...

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