lecture17_foreign_policy_media_public_opinion - Learning...

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Learning Objectives After this lecture, you will be able to: 1. Explain the connection between the CNN Effect and public opinion. 2. Provide alternative interpretations of the value of the CNN Effect in the foreign policy making process. 3. Identify some methodological problems associated with the study of the CNN Effect. 4. Identify multiple ways in which the CNN Effect can manifest itself, according to Livingstone. 5. Explain how exposure to soft news has a “democratizing” effect, according to Baum. Foreign Policy, the media, and public opinion 1. The CNN Effect: A. Media coverage that includes powerful images drives foreign policy 1) Powerful images affect public opinion 2) Political elites forced to respond a) With or without U.S. national interest B. Archetypal case: U.S. Involvement in Somalia 1) Phase 1: Humanitarian mission (G.H.W. Bush) a) Pictures got us in 2) Military mission (Clinton) a) Warring factions prevented relief effort (1) Battle of Mogadishu b) Pictures forced us out C. Potential impact on foreign policy making 1) Negative a) “Realist” perspective 1
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(1) Interventions should be based on national interest (2) Foreign policy making process should be controlled by foreign policy elites (e.g., Executive branch, Congress)
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lecture17_foreign_policy_media_public_opinion - Learning...

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