Chapter_3_Learning_Objectives (2)

Chapter_3_Learning_Objectives (2) - Chapter Learning...

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Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter 3: Biological Molecules 3.1 Why is carbon so important in biological molecules? Explain how carbon’s electron configuration accounts for its ability to form large, complex, and diverse organic molecules o Distinguish between hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances o Hydrophobic do not dissolve or associate with water. Hydrophilic are electrical attraction for water molecules. Describe the basic structure of a hydrocarbon and explain why these molecules are hydrophobic o Name the major functional groups found in organic molecules. Describe the basic structure of each. o Hydrogen is just made up of one hydrogen atom. Hydroxyl is made up of oxygen and hydrogen atoms. Carboxyl is made up of a carbon, two oxygen atoms, and a hydrogen atom. Amino is made up of a nitrogen atom and two hydrogen atoms. Phosphate is made up of a phosphate atom surrounded by 4 oxygen atom and 2 hydrogen atoms. Methyl is made up of a carbon atom and 3 hydrogen atoms. 3.2 How are organic molecules synthesized?
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course BIOL 1001 taught by Professor Minor during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter_3_Learning_Objectives (2) - Chapter Learning...

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