civil rights - America Compared: South Africa and America...

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America Compared: South Africa and America South African civil rights activists were not successful South Africa: o Racial minority pushing down racial  majority America: o Racial majority pushing down racial minority More success o How the government acted South Africa: To oppress America: becomes sympathetic o Non-Violence ANC – rejected non-violence as a tactic o Structures were different Africans had top down American civil rights mov’t had organizations arise American Compared: Femminism In America there was a split between radicals Lessened effectiveness ERA introduced into congress in 1923 Debated over next fifty years o Came close to being passed Critics of ERA = Phyllis Schlaffly
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o Resembles a feminist o College educated Harvard law school o Best known opponent of ERA CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT Civil rights must be understood in a wide range American-Indian Movement = similar to those of African Americans Stonewall riots – 1969 rallying cry for the gay community Rethink chronology of civil rights (not exclusive to 1950s and 1960s) Civil rights for African Americans goes back to NAACP in 1905 Can be traced back to abolitionist period 1840s and 1850s NAACP o 1906 2 white board member traced their heritage to abolitionists Typically think of males big ppl in civil rights movement but women had bigger local  authority Argue: civil rights movement came in 3 separate phases Early 20 th  century to middle of century (~50 years long)  Judicial Phase o Argued mostly in courtrooms
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 1377H taught by Professor Cook during the Summer '07 term at University of Houston.

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civil rights - America Compared: South Africa and America...

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