Concept 2007 Handout 7 _G-2_ _Perfekt_

Concept 2007 Handout 7 _G-2_ _Perfekt_ - German Language...

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German Language Handout 7 Goethe-Zentrum Lahore (Tel. 36673110) Page 1 / 2 PERFEKT The “Perfekt” tense indicates the recent, i.e. not too distant, past. In English, we make it by using the verb “ to have ” together with the main verb. For example: I have eaten, He has gone, You have taken etc. In German also, the Perfekt is built in similar manner, i.e. by using “haben” as the helping verb (in its conjugated form) at the second place and –very importantly-, the actual verb is put at the end of the sentence in its Perfekt form (also called “Partizip-II) . It is also important to note that for verbs which show some sort of movement, we use the helping verb “sein” instead of “haben”. Every verb has its own Partizip-II form. Normally we have ge- at the end of the Partizip form and –t or –en at the tail, e.g. gelernt (for lernen), gearbeitet (for arbeiten), getrunken (for trinken) and so on. We have to learn these Partizip-forms by heart. Example of Perfekt: Ich habe heute Kaffee getrunken (Verb: trinken ) Er hat heute Deutsch gelernt (Verb: lernen ) Wir haben heute Pizza gegessen (Verb: essen ) Structure of sentence in Perfekt Form
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Concept 2007 Handout 7 _G-2_ _Perfekt_ - German Language...

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