Articulations - V ARTICULATIONS Learning Outcomes Student...

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V. ARTICULATIONS Learning Outcomes - Student will be able to: Use appropriate terminology to describe anatomical structure and define joint movements Classify joints by structure and function Describe the structure and function of: Fibrous joints Cartilaginous joints Synovial joints Definitions Anatomical Position standing face forward with palms forward Directional Terms all refer to anatomical position lateral - to the side anterior - frontal view/ to the front medial - towards the middle superior - towards the head inferior - towards the feet superficial - outside deep - inside Articulation: “Meeting place” of 2 or more bones it's a joint essentially Range of Motion (ROM) Normal extent of joint movement Movements (at Synovial Joints) Not all joints are movable! Most of the following terms apply to the freely movable joints Flexion - Extension Note: movement pair in A-P (antero-posterior) plane Flexion reduces angle between elements Extension increases angle Not always that easy to tell! Mnemonic: F orward F lexion (in anatomical position) Hyperextension = extension beyond normal range/functional range Text wording is correct. But illustration (fig. 7.11) is wrong – figure shows wrist extension, not hyperextension.
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