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Unformatted text preview: Europe According to the timeline in my AP guide, the events of the French Revolution seem more to be beginning to middle. -Catherine Buuut we finished Europe alreadyy!!! D: - Linda But the congress of Vienna happened around 1825 which is not the end of the Modern Period- Catherine BEGINNING • Ideas of Rousseau, John Locke, and Montesquieu played roles in rebellions • (non-violent) Glorious revolution- England • Causes of French Revolution: 1. Worsening financial condition (wars fought) 2. Nobility spending country’s wealth for luxurious spending 3. The social hierarchy (3 estates) • French Revolution and creation of the National Assembly (In the end, France went back to a Monarchy) • Greece is independent from Ottoman (shows their slow decline) • American Revolution - Isn’t this Americas? Well it is one of the causes for the French Revolution. But I don’t know if it belongs here.-Catherine - I included it in here because the French participated in it and helped the Americans. - Linda Maybe make it a connection. -Kelly • The “Holy Alliance” within Congress of Vienna (Russia, Prussia, and Austria) try to “turn back the clock.” • Concert of Power = balance of power- all of Euro works together in “symphony” MIDDLE • I ndustrial Revolution: (causes) 1. Overpopulation - Lots of people to do work 2. Agricultural Revolution - less farmers are needed, they move to cities, urbanization 3. Bourgeoisie to start factories, be entrepreneurs to inventors in order to create machinery 4. Britain had a strong navy, lots of coal (fuel) and iron (material). • Rise of the middle class, Bourgeoisie and the creation of a the new “working class” • Working class = poor people. Worked 10-12 hours a day, bad working conditions, low wages. • New inventions and methods: 1. steam engine - put on wheels = locomotive, put on a boat = steamboat. Showed that man is no longer limited by nature, there are no limits at all to what can be done. 2. telegram - instant communcation with “anywhere” in the world (anywhere meaning Britain to US, Britain to India, usually parts of the western world communicating with other parts). • Sots came up with philosophies b/c of industrialism (Ex. Laisse faire, communism, positivism). • Trade unions and strikes considered illegal by employers and government b/c the sot END • Imperialism: A country control weaker one. • Nationalism • Otto von Bisma germanic state Prussia. Germa becomes the m industrialized w army. • Italy becomes • French National Assembly changes to National Convention (where representatives are elected by property owning males) • “The Mountain” (most liberal) leader named Maximilian Robespierre creates the Committee of Public Safety(killing people that are suspicious) • Gov’t restructured to the Directory (oligarchy) • The Terror: 40,000 peopled killed by the guillotine for being “traitors” • Robespierre is executed and Napoleon takes over...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course ECON 103 taught by Professor Mr.sir during the Spring '12 term at Universidad de Granada.
- Spring '12