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Unformatted text preview: Europe According to the timeline in my AP guide, the events of the French Revolution seem more to be beginning to middle. -Catherine Buuut we finished Europe alreadyy!!! D: - Linda But the congress of Vienna happened around 1825 which is not the end of the Modern Period- Catherine BEGINNING Ideas of Rousseau, John Locke, and Montesquieu played roles in rebellions (non-violent) Glorious revolution- England Causes of French Revolution: 1. Worsening financial condition (wars fought) 2. Nobility spending countrys wealth for luxurious spending 3. The social hierarchy (3 estates) French Revolution and creation of the National Assembly (In the end, France went back to a Monarchy) Greece is independent from Ottoman (shows their slow decline) American Revolution - Isnt this Americas? Well it is one of the causes for the French Revolution. But I dont know if it belongs here.-Catherine - I included it in here because the French participated in it and helped the Americans. - Linda Maybe make it a connection. -Kelly The Holy Alliance within Congress of Vienna (Russia, Prussia, and Austria) try to turn back the clock. Concert of Power = balance of power- all of Euro works together in symphony MIDDLE I ndustrial Revolution: (causes) 1. Overpopulation - Lots of people to do work 2. Agricultural Revolution - less farmers are needed, they move to cities, urbanization 3. Bourgeoisie to start factories, be entrepreneurs to inventors in order to create machinery 4. Britain had a strong navy, lots of coal (fuel) and iron (material). Rise of the middle class, Bourgeoisie and the creation of a the new working class Working class = poor people. Worked 10-12 hours a day, bad working conditions, low wages. New inventions and methods: 1. steam engine - put on wheels = locomotive, put on a boat = steamboat. Showed that man is no longer limited by nature, there are no limits at all to what can be done. 2. telegram - instant communcation with anywhere in the world (anywhere meaning Britain to US, Britain to India, usually parts of the western world communicating with other parts). Sots came up with philosophies b/c of industrialism (Ex. Laisse faire, communism, positivism). Trade unions and strikes considered illegal by employers and government b/c the sot END Imperialism: A country control weaker one. Nationalism Otto von Bisma germanic state Prussia. Germa becomes the m industrialized w army. Italy becomes French National Assembly changes to National Convention (where representatives are elected by property owning males) The Mountain (most liberal) leader named Maximilian Robespierre creates the Committee of Public Safety(killing people that are suspicious) Govt restructured to the Directory (oligarchy) The Terror: 40,000 peopled killed by the guillotine for being traitors Robespierre is executed and Napoleon takes over...
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- Spring '12