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FRQ ANDERSON - Samuel Castrejon Period 5 Free Response...

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Samuel Castrejon Period 5 11/26/11 Free Response Question: Thanksgiving Assignment The Gilded Age in American history is described by Mark Twain as “times that looked good, yet if one scratched a bit below the surface, there were problems and corruption”. This post-reconstruction era was defined by two key details. Firstly, it was defined by heavy and rapid industrialization that was spurred by the transcontinental railroad network and secondly, it was defined by a series of “forgetful” presidents that did very little in office during this period of time. Industrialization radically transformed the many practices of labor and it also transformed the conditions of the working class. With these changes came a new wave of immigrants as a labor force and also cheaper paying jobs. In response to these changes, Farmer’s and industrial workers united with one another to forms labor unions in their efforts to achieve various reforms through politics and legislation, however; their efforts failed but they paved the way for future generations to achieve political and social reforms. Farmers during the Gilded Age faced new challenges that followed industrialization. At the end of the Civil War and Reconstruction the Southern Economy had become worse when compared to the conditions before the Civil War. The Southern Economy remained primarily agrarian due to the fact that Northern Industrial Companies had become so powerful that it made it tough for Southern Companies to compete against them. The Southern now had to deal with a diminishing economy, where as the manufacturing North was gaining power of the South. During this time, an increasing
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form of labor in farms came in the form of freed black slaves that had to result to tenant
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