MOD part 2 study guide

MOD part 2 study guide - Klemens Von Metternich - One of...

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Klemens Von Metternich - One of the leaders of the countries who overthrew Napoleon and met in Vienna to decide how to restore order in Europe. Worked with Alexander 1 of Russia and the Duke of Wellington of Britain. Toussant L’Ouverture - A former slave that led a violent, lengthy, but ultimately successful slave revolt. Was imprisoned to France. Also had an assistant named Jacques Dessalines who was also a former slave that proclaimed Haiti a free republic in 1804 and named himself governor-general for life. Haiti became the first independent nation in Latin America thanks to the initiated action of Toussant L'Ouverture. Thomas Jefferson - Assigned to write the declaration of Independence so that it could be read aloud in hopes to inspire soldiers when they went to fight Britain. Simon Bolivar - In South America, the colonists had their own leader, Simon Bolivar. He tutored on the republican ideals of Rousseau during his travels to Europe and found himself an opportunity to use what he learned. He established a national congress, which declared independence for Spain. Civil War was declared but Bolivar proved himself to be an effective military leader and won freedom for the area called Gran Colombia. He envisioned a huge South American country spanning across the continent, but it wasn’t meant to be. He also joined forces with Jose de San Martin and helped win freedom for Spain. George Washington - A Virginia planter who had served in the French and Indian War. He led America to victory in the Revolutionary War against the British as commander and chief in the continental army. He was elected the first president of the United States. Napoleon Bonaparte (List both positive/negatives) - Effects of Abolition of Slavery and Serfdom - The Enlightenment -
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Boyers & Romanoff Tsars - Boyars were russian aristocrats. tsar = ruler. Romanoff? Advancements in Steam Engine Technology - British Raj - British rule The Zollverein - Adam Smith & Wealth of Nations - Adam Smith wrote in The Wealth of Nations that economic prosperity and fairness is best achieved through private ownership. Individuals should own the means of production and sell their products and services in a free/open market, where the demand for their goods/services would determine their prices/availability. Smith argued that a free market system (capitalism) would best meet the needs and desires of individuals and nations as a whole. Laissez-Faire - The process when governments remove themselves entirely from regulation. Secularization- The separation of church and state. Mexico was the most prominent country that had the most influence from the church in its government. Greek Independence and Effects - Causes/Events/Effects of:
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* American Revolution Causes - unfair taxation from British (British were in debt from trade wars) Events- Effects - colonies gain independence *French Revolution Causes: 1. Money issue, government needed money because of the debts from wars. Also because the king spent money for luxurious goods in his palace.
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MOD part 2 study guide - Klemens Von Metternich - One of...

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