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Part MOD studyy Guide - PART 1 Imperialism the creation and...

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PART 1 Imperialism - the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural, and territorial relationship (in this era’s case, it’s Britain controlling places like Egypt (economic), China (territorial & economic), India (economic, cultural, and territorial), LIST ANY MORE PLACES IF I MISSED ANY! Sphere of Influence a place of power. The U.S. called the Americas its “sphere of influence” and didn’t allow Europe to interfere with S. America. When China was weak, European countries raced to carve out “spheres of influence” in China. Japan tried to create a sphere of influence by going to war with Russia and china. Imperialism Form: region that is indirectly controlled by Imperalist Nation Industrial Botany Taking a plant from one place and growing it in another place with similar environmental conditions (Cotton, Opium, Coffee) Transcontinental Railroad: Railroad built from one end of the US to the other. the significance is that chinese workers built the railroads and the money they got was sent to china and the chinese used opium. it made the world go round Extraterritoriality - The right of foreign residents in a country to live under the laws of their native country and disregard the laws of the host country. In the nineteenth and early early twentieth centuries, European and American nationals living in certain areas of Chinese and Ottoman cities were granted this right. Cecil Rhodes (p.779 famous) British imperialist who conquers parts of South Africa. Created a colony called Rhodesia Clipper Ship - very fast sailing ship of the 19th century that had three or more masts and a square rig. Mainly from Britain and American shipyards. Could carry really heavy things and is windpowered Afrikaners- descendants of Dutch settlers on the Cape of Good Hope (p.779 Indian National Congress - western educated middle class Hindus demanding for independence from the British Menelik - Negus (King) of Ethiopia 1889 (780), trained army with firearms and were able to fend off the Italians Opium War - War between Britain and the Qing dynasty that was, in British View, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importance of opium into its territories. The victorous British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China. China was forced to pay indemnities and had to give British people extraterritoriality. Zulu (p.779) An African country that manages to fight off the Europeans for some time before finally being conquered. Very militaristic and pastoral. Treaty of Nanjing - The treaty that concluded the Opium War. It awarded Britain a large indemnity from the Qing Empire, denied the Qing government tariff control over some of
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its own borders, opened additional ports of residence to Britons, and ceded the island of Hong Kong to Britain.
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