study guide. epic - WHAT IS LEFT TO DO: D.F.E. India Co's...

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WHAT IS LEFT TO DO: D.F.E. India Co’s Askeri: Turkic horsemen that made up a warrior aristocracy. They received land grants for service, but their power shrunk as the central government grew. They refused to use gunpowder weaponry and were not taxed. The askeri class started to become angry when inflation occurred due to Europe’s flow of new silver because they didn’t have enough money to pay for goods. Because of this, they started askeri class civil wars that would contribute to the decline of Ottoman power. Mansab : land grants given to military officers and government officials in return for service, Mansabdar : military officers and government officials who receive those land grants Mughal Empire Daimyo: Japanese warlords, landowners, under imperial government in terms or social class, owns castle town, small bureaucracy, and army of warriors (samurai). Their families were held as hostages to ensure their loyalty to the shogun. Boyer : Russian elites aristocracy;; Peter the Great reduced the power of the boyars, so that the tsar’s power can grow. Hideyoshi Toyotomi: Japanese warlord that unified Japan. He invaded Asian mainland to capture Korea and China. After death, Japanese withdrew forces Japanese Export Products Steel, porcelain (copied from China), Silver Chinese export products: Silk, Porcelain (blue & white), Tea, wallpaper (which was new to the Europeans), lacquered furniture Gunpowder revolution in Europe, Japan - Gunpowder made the warrior aristocrats aka the samurai obsolete because they refused to use gunpowder. In the Ottoman empire, the askeri refused to use gunpowder also. Firearms made armor useless, and anyone who could pull a trigger could use a gun. Also, gunpowder was used to make cannons. Gunpowder was invented by the Chinese, but turned into firearms by the Europeans. Tokugawa and Euro’s : Tokugawa feared conquest just like how the Spanish conquered the Phillipines. So Tokugawa Japan cut off contact with the Europeans. For more info, see “Jesuits in Japan and China (Mateo Ricci)” This led to the persecution of many Christians and the Europeans being kicked out of Japan. Only Dutch however could trade with Japan because they did not focus on converting people (the Dutch were Protestant). They were only allowed to trade on the Port of Nagasaki. This limited contact provided new info on weapons (firearms), shipbuilding, medicine, astronomy, math, geography (Dutch studies)
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Changing role of merchants in Japan: Merchants became richer and more powerful, but they were still seen as low because of Confucianism because they only make profit out of the hard work of others. The government paid Samurai in rice, which the Samurai had to convert into cash through merchants (they paid a fee). Merchants would make rice worth less and charge the Samurai more, causing many Samurai to go into debt. This
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study guide. epic - WHAT IS LEFT TO DO: D.F.E. India Co's...

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