WHAT IS LEFT TO DO:
D.F.E. India Co’s
Turkic horsemen that made up a warrior aristocracy. They received land grants
for service, but their power shrunk as the central government grew. They refused to use
gunpowder weaponry and were not taxed. The askeri class started to become angry
when inflation occurred due to Europe’s flow of new silver because they didn’t have
enough money to pay for goods. Because of this, they started askeri class civil wars that
would contribute to the decline of Ottoman power.
: land grants given to military officers and government officials in return for
: military officers and government officials who receive those land grants
Japanese warlords, landowners, under imperial government in terms or social
class, owns castle town, small bureaucracy, and army of warriors (samurai). Their
families were held as hostages to ensure their loyalty to the shogun.
: Russian elites aristocracy;; Peter the Great reduced the power of the boyars, so
that the tsar’s power can grow.
Japanese warlord that unified Japan. He invaded Asian mainland to
capture Korea and China. After death, Japanese withdrew forces
Japanese Export Products
Steel, porcelain (copied from China), Silver
Chinese export products:
Silk, Porcelain (blue & white), Tea, wallpaper (which was new
to the Europeans), lacquered furniture
Gunpowder revolution in Europe, Japan
- Gunpowder made the warrior aristocrats aka
the samurai obsolete because they refused to use gunpowder. In the Ottoman empire,
the askeri refused to use gunpowder also. Firearms made armor useless, and anyone
who could pull a trigger could use a gun. Also, gunpowder was used to make cannons.
Gunpowder was invented by the Chinese, but turned into firearms by the Europeans.
Tokugawa and Euro’s
: Tokugawa feared conquest just like how the Spanish conquered
the Phillipines. So Tokugawa Japan cut off contact with the Europeans. For more info,
see “Jesuits in Japan and China (Mateo Ricci)” This led to the persecution of many
Christians and the Europeans being kicked out of Japan. Only Dutch however could
trade with Japan because they did not focus on converting people (the Dutch were
Protestant). They were only allowed to trade on the Port of Nagasaki. This limited
contact provided new info on weapons (firearms), shipbuilding, medicine, astronomy,
math, geography (Dutch studies)