Syllabus week 11 - Samuel Castrejon Period 0 Syllabus Week...

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Samuel Castrejon Period 0 11/23/2011 Syllabus Week # 11 Slavery Leads to War History of the Times Along with the economic, political and social differences between the North and the South, slavery was the driving force that caused Civil War. The South was an agricultural society, they grew cash crops such as tobacco and they exported their crops to the North and to Europe. The South relied on the Industrial North for manufacturing, commercial, and financial services. The south relied on a heavy slave labor force while the North relied on a hired working force. The South also favored States’ rights while the North favored Federal Government. The South wanted to preserve slavery for economic purposes while the North continued to appose slavery for they believed slavery violated the principle of equality. The disagreement between the North and the South got worse as more states were admitted to the Union. The North wanted Free states while the South wished for Slave States. Literature of the Times Famous abolitionists like Fredrick A. Douglas and Harriet Jacobs offered primary sources of the horrors of slavery. During this time, narratives that were produced by fugitive slaves become extremely popular. These narratives emphasized the horrors and injustice of slavery. Many narratives were produced years before the war but none were more famous than Douglas’ autobiography titled My Bondage and My Freedom , he emphasized that slavery could not crush the human spirit. Civil War Divides the Country History of the Times The battle of Fort Sumter was the sparking battle that started the Civil War. The war was thought to be a short war that would be decided within a few battles, but in 1861 the nation realized the extent of the four year long tragedy. Both the North and the South agreed that the war was horrid event of nothing but pure pain and loss. The amount of dead soldiers was high and at the end of the war the North prevailed but the Union was now very fragile. Literature of the Times Though many soldiers produced letters and diaries, no significant literary works were produced during the Civil War. This was mainly due to the fact that few American literary writers experiences the war firsthand. Emerson watched the war but apposed the war. Thoreau died in 1862 and Dickinson had lived through the war but the war had no impact on her poetry. Melville was amazed by the war but never wrote a novel about it, instead he wrote poems on the war based off of newspaper articles and visits to the battlegrounds. He wrote about the bravery both sides had and had a respect for both sides. One author that experiences the Civil War firsthand was Walt Whitman. Whitman served as a hospital visitor that comforted the wounded. The wounded experienced greats amount of pains and faced amputation or death when wounded badly. Whitman treated over 3000 wounded and experienced the horrors of the war firsthand. He wrote his experiences in a collection called Song of Myself where he presented American with a
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panoramic vision. Towards the end of the war Whitman derived an optimistic vision of
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Syllabus week 11 - Samuel Castrejon Period 0 Syllabus Week...

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