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Unformatted text preview: NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2 [A Few Facts About the Book] : Name of the Book: "The Prophet's Prayer Described from the Takbr to the Taslm as if You See It" : Versions of the Book: 1. The Full Version (3 volumes) 2. The Summarized Version (thick paper back) 3. The Abridged Version (very thin paper back and pocket Size) This is the version of the book being studied. : Why The Full Version Book was Eventually Abridged: Shaykh al-Albn [d. 1420 AH], may Allh place him in paradise, said: Indeed, more than one brother and friend suggested to me to that I summarize my book "The Prophets Prayer Described from the Takbr to the Taslm as if You See It," and that I make it digestible for the everyday Muslims... I saw this to be a blessed suggestion, and it was in similar to what I had been thinking about already. So, I decided to take from some of my congested time to complete this task...1 1 Muammad Nr al-Dn al-Albn, The Abridged Version of the Prophet's Prayers Described, 3 EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2 : Fiqh Math-hab of the Book: Shaykh al-Albn [d. 1420 AH], may Allh place him in paradise, said: I would like to mention that when writing this book, I did not stick to one of the fiqh math-habs2 that are followed. Rather, I wrote the book in accordance with that which is authentically reported on the Messenger of Allh, prayers and peace upon him...3 [About the Author of the Book]4 : Name: Ab Abdul-Ramn Muammad Nr al-Dn b. al-jj N b. Najjt b. dam al-Albn : Date of Birth: 1332AH : Date of Passing: 1420AH : A Few Words about the Shaykh: Shaykh Muammad Bazml5, may Allh protect him, said: Allh, the Most High, caused the love of knowledge of adth to enter into his heart... So he diligently embarked on studying it and its sciences, and he earnestly adhered to the path of its adherents... 2 [TN]: The math-habs of Imms Abu anfah [d. 150 AH], Mlik b. Anas [d. 179 AH], al-Shfi [d. 204 AH] and Amad [d. 241 AH] and other than them 3 Muammad b. Nr al-Dn al-Albn, The Abridged Version of the Prophet's Prayers Described, 3 4 Muammad Bzml, An Explanation of The Prophet's Prayer Described, 7-8 5 A well known scholar of Makkah and lecturer at Umm al-Qur University EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2
It has reached the point where he hasn't become known for anything except [aiding] adth, [following] its way and being from its adherents in his math-hab and methodology. So, this is a man of adth, and its Imm who is upon the methodology of the Salaf al-li! He is distinguished in his fiqh due to his strict adherence to following narrations. In fact, he once mentioned that he does not make a statement in an issue except that he has been proceeded by a Salaf. So, this man is the Shaykh of adth of this time. He has the nickname the Muaddith (i.e. Great adth Scholar) of Shm, and if it was said, the Muaddith of the world, he would be deserving of that title; and I do not praise anyone above Allh. [Important Terminology Pertaining to the Book]6 : Pillar [of the the Prayer] (al-Rukn): That which the [prayer is not complete] without it; and it is inside of the prayer: such as bowing. (al-Ruk') : Condition [of the Prayer] (al-Shart): That which the [prayer is not complete] without it; and it is outside of the prayer: such as ablution (al-Wud). : Obligatory [matters of the Prayer] (al-Wjib): That which a command for it has been established in the Qurn and Sunnah, yet, there is not sufficient proof to show that it is a pillar or condition. Its ruling is that a person is rewarded for performing it, and he [deserves] to be punished for leaving it off. 6 Muammad Nr al-Dn al-Albn, The Abridged Version of the Prophet's Prayers Described, 4 - slightly summarized EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2
: Sunnah: Acts which the Prophet, prayers and peace upon him, always did or did a majority of the time. However, he did not sternly command with them making them obligatory. Its ruling is that a person is rewarded for performing it, and he is not punished nor blamed for leaving it off. [How to Perform a Basic Wud] [TN]: Due to the great connection between the prayer and wud, perhaps it would be beneficial to mention how to perform a basic wu before entering the book. The Messenger of Allh, prayers and peace upon him, said: "Allh does not accept your prayer, if you perform an act that necessitates wu, until you perform wu." [al-Bukhr and Muslim] Allh, the Most High, says: O you who believe! When you intend to offer al-alh (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to, [and including] the elbows, wipe (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to, [and including] the ankles. [Srah al-Midah (5): 6] Muammad b. Balbn [d. 1083 AH], may Allh have mercy on him, said: "The obligatory actions of wud are six7: 1. Washing the face including rinsing the mouth and nose 2. Washing the hands and forearms, up to, and including the elbows 3. Wiping the head and ears 4. Washing the feet, up to, and including the ankles 5. Washing the body parts in order8 6. Washing each body part before the previously washed part dries9 7 Muammad b. Balbn, Akhar al-Mukhtairt, 109 8 The proofs for actions 1-5 are found in the Quranic verse describing wud. 9 Refer to the adth of the man who left a dry spot on his foot. EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2
[TN]: Included it what was previously mentioned are: 7. Making an intention to purify oneself at the beginning of his wud.10 8. Saying bismillh before beginning wu.11 [Chapter: Facing the Kabah]12 : If you stand for prayer, O Muslim, face the Kabah from wherever you may be. This is a must in obligatory and voluntary prayers. This is a pillar of the prayer, and the prayer is not correct except by doing so.13 : There are some whom are excused from facing the Kabah/Qiblah: 1. Those who are praying the fear prayer14 2. Those who are in the midst of a battle15 10 The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, said: "Actions are correct or incorrect due to intentions, and every person shall have what they intended." [al-Bukhr and Muslim] 11 The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, said: "There is no wud for he who doesn't mention the name of Allh." [TN]: The majority of scholars have understood this to be a recommendation to mention Allah's name when making wuu; however, if it was left off, a person's wu would be correct. 12 Muammad Nr al-Dn al-Albn, The Abridged Version of the Prophet's Prayers Described, 6 13 The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him said: "When you stand for the prayer, face the Qiblah... [al-Bukhr and Muslim] 14 The Messenger of Allh, prayers and peace upon him, permitted this by saying: "[They may pray] facing the Qiblah, or not facing the Qiblah." [al-Bukhr and Muslim] 15 The Messenger of Allh, prayers and peace upon him, permitted this by saying: "If the armies have engaged, then prayer consists of the takbr, and movements of the head." EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 NOTES FROM CLASSES # 1 and # 2
3. The one who is sick and unable to face the Qiblah 4. Those who are on a ship, in a car, or on a plane, and they fear that exerting the effort to face the Qiblah will cause the time for the prayer to exit.16 5. Those who are praying a voluntary prayer or the witr prayer and he or she is currently [utilizing a mode of transportation]. However, it is recommended that he or she faces the Qiblah to make takbr al-Irm, then return back to the direction the mode of transportation was facing.17 : It is obligatory for those who can see the Kabah to face it directly. And as for those who can not see it, then they face in its [general] direction.18 Complied and Translated by: Ab dam Jaml Finch Umm al-Qur University, Makkah, K.S.A, College of Sharah Philadelphia, Pennsylvania West Oak Lane 17th of Raman, 1432/August 17, 2011 16 [TN]: For points three and four, perhaps the statement of Allh, the Most High: "And fear Allh as much as you are able" is applicable. Allh knows best. 17 "Sometimes the Messenger of Allh, when he wanted to perform a voluntary prayer on his camel, he would face the Qiblah and perform talkbr al-Irm. Then he would pray whichever way his riding beast was facing." 18 The Messenger of Allh, prayers and peace upon him, said: "What is between the east and the west is considered the Qiblah." EMBODY ISLAM.ORG - 1432AH/2011 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Professorsunni during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '12