99 Names of Allah

99 Names of Allah - An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah...

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Unformatted text preview: An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM Version 1.0 The Most Beautiful Names Belong To Allaah – Part 1 From theLessons on Explanation of Kitaab ut-Tawheed of Shaikh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab1 By Dawood Burbank ‫ﻭﷲ ﺍﻻﲰﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺴﲎ‬ Allaah the Most Exalted said: “To Allaah belongs the Most Perfect and Beautiful Names, so worship Him in accordance with them and call on Him by them, and abandon those who deviate with regard to His Names.” [Al-A’raaf (7:180)] Aboo Hurairah (radiallaahu ‘anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: “Allaah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred except for one. Whoever correctly preserves them and acts in accordance with them will enter Paradise.” [Reported by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim] The addition, that actually gives the list of Names after it, reported by at-Tirmidhee, Ibn Majaah, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibbaan and others, is not authentic from the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Rather, it was from the ijtihaad of some of the scholars. The scholars, from the early times right until this day, have striven to look through the Book of Allaah and the authentic Sunnah to extract these ninety-nine Names. So each scholar has come with a slightly different list of Names and no one scholar will be able to say ‘This is definitely the list’. This is why the scholars have continued to strive in that regard right until this time. One of the scholars in current times was shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) in his book, Al-Qawaa’id ul-Muthlaa. He produced a list, hoping to fall into this hadeeth. One of the parts of hifdh, correctly preserving these Names, is to look for these Names and to compile them. Shaikh Ibn al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) compiled a list of ninety-nine Names – not to say that Allaah’s Names, as we have heard many times, are restricted to 1 You can purchase the two cassette lecture from here: http://www.salafibookstore.com/sbs/index.cfm?scn=cassettes&ProductID=C8.006&do=detail&cassette= AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 1 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah these ninety-nine, but hoping and striving to establish the ninety-nine Names which are given that promise, that whoever preserves them correctly and acts upon them will enter Paradise. The shaikh brings a list of eighty-one Names extracted from the Book of Allaah, the Qur’aan. The last eighteen, numbers eighty-two to ninety-nine are extracted from the authentic Sunnah. ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﳌﺜﻠﻰ‬ (Al-Qawaa’id ul-Muthlaa) He (rahimahullaah) says, from the Book of Allaah, the Most High are: 1. ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ُ - The first Name, Allaah 2. ‫ﺍﻷﺣ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ َ (Al-Ahad) - The Unique 3. ‫ﺍﻷﻋﹶﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ َ (Al-A’laa) - The Most High 4. ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫َ ﹾ‬ (Al-Akram) - The Most Generous 5. ‫ﺍﻹﹶﻟ‬ ‫ِﻪ‬ (Al-Ilah) - The One Who Alone Deserves to be Worshipped 6. ‫ﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫َﻭ ﹸ‬ (Al-Awwal) - The First 7. ‫ﺍﻵﺧ‬ ‫ِﺮ‬ (Al-Aakhir) - The Last 8. ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻫ‬ ‫ﻈ ِﺮ‬ (Adh-Dhaahir) - The Uppermost One 9. ‫ﺎﻃ‬‫( ﺍﻟ‬Al-Baatin) - The Innermost One ‫ﺒ ِﻦ‬ 10. ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ِﺉ‬ 11. ‫ﺒﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 12. ‫ﺒﺼِﲑ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ 13. ‫ﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫( ﺍﻟ‬At-Tawwaab) - The One Who Guides His Servants to Repent and ‫ﻮ‬ (Al-Baari’) - The Originator (Al-Barr) - The Most Benign and Kind (Al-Baseer) - The All Seeing Accepts Their Repentance AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 2 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 14. ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫( ﺍﳉ‬Al-Jabbaar) ‫ﹶﺒ‬ 15. ‫( ﺍﳊﹶﺎﻓ ﹸ‬Al-Haafidh) - The Protector ‫ِﻆ‬ 16. ‫( ﺍﳊﺴِﻴﺐ‬Al-Haseeb) - The Reckoner Who Suffices ‫ﹶ‬ 17. ‫( ﺍﳊﻔِﻴﻆ‬Al-Hafeedh) - The Guardian ‫ﹶ ﹸ‬ 18. ‫( ﺍﳊﻔﻲ‬Al-Hafee) - The Benevolent ِ‫ﹶ‬ 19. ‫( ﺍﳊﻖ‬Al-Haqq) - The True One ‫ﹶ‬ 20. ‫( ﺍ ﹸِﺒ‬Al-Mubeen) - The Clear and Manifest One ‫ﳌﲔ‬ 21. ‫( ﺍﳊﻜِﻴﻢ‬Al-Hakeem) - The One Fully Wise or Al-Haakim, The All-Wise ‫ﹶ‬ 22. ‫( ﺍﳊﻠِﻴﻢ‬Al-Haleem) - The Forbearing ‫ﹶ‬ 23. ‫( ﺍﳊﻤِﻴﺪ‬Al-Hameed) - The One Who is Deservedly Praised ‫ﹶ‬ 24. ‫( ﺍﳊﻲ‬Al-Hayy) - The Ever Living ‫ﹶ‬ 25. ‫ﻮﻡ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻘ‬Al-Qayyoom) - The Self Subsisting ‫ﹶﻴ‬ The Exalted and All Mighty Compeller One Upon Whom Everything Depends 26. ‫( ﺍﳋِﺒ‬Al-Khabeer) - The Fully Aware ‫ﹶﲑ‬ 27. ‫( ﺍﳋﹶﺎِﻟ‬Al-Khaaliq) - The Creator and Maker of Everything ‫ﻖ‬ 28. ‫( ﺍﳋ ﱠ‬Al-Khallaaq) - The Creator Who Creates Again and Again ‫ﹶﻼﻕ‬ 29. ‫( ﺍﻟﺮ ُﻭﻑ‬Ar-Ra’oof) - The Compassionate and Kind ‫ﺀ‬ 30. ‫ﺣﻤﻦ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬Ar-Rahmaan) - The Extremely Merciful ‫ﺮ‬ 31. ‫( ﺍﻟﺮﺣِﻴﻢ‬Ar-Raheem) - The Bestower of Mercy 32. ‫ﺍﻕ‬‫( ﺍﻟﺮﺯ‬Ar-Razzaaq) - The Great Provider AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 3 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 33. ‫( ﺍﻟﺮﻗِﻴﺐ‬Ar-Raqeeb) - The Ever Watchful Guardian 34. ‫ﻼﻡ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬As-Salaam) - The Impeccable One or the Flawless One ‫ﺴ ﹶ‬ 35. ‫( ﺍﻟﺴﻤِﻴﻊ‬As-Samee’) - The All Hearing 36. ‫ﺎﻛ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬Ash-Shaakir) - The Appreciative ‫ﺸ ِﺮ‬ 37. ‫( ﺍﻟﺸ ﹸﻮﺭ‬Ash-Shakoor) - The One Most Ready to Appreciate and Reward ‫ﻜ‬ Abundantly 38. ‫( ﺍﻟﺸﻬِﻴﺪ‬Ash-Shaheed) - The Witness 39. ‫ﻤﺪ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬As-Samad) - The Perfect Lord and Master Upon Whom All of the ‫ﺼ‬ Creation Depends 40. ‫ﺎِﻟﻢ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻌ‬Al-‘Aalim) - The All Knower of the Seen and the Unseen 41. ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﺰِﻳﺰ‬Al-‘Azeez) - The All Mighty or the Invincible 42. ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻈِﻴﻢ‬Al-Adheem) - The Tremendous One or the Magnificent 43. ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻔ‬Al-‘Afuww) - The One Who Pardons Again and Again ‫ ﹸﻮ‬ 44. ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ‬Al-‘Aleem) - The All Knowing 45. ‫( ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻲ‬Al-‘Alee) - The Exalted ِ 46. ‫( ﺍﻟﻐ ﱠﺎﺭ‬Al-Ghaffaar) - The Oft-Forgiving ‫ﻔ‬ 47. ‫( ﺍﻟﻐ ﹸﻮﺭ‬Al-Ghafoor) - The One Who Forgives Extensively ‫ﻔ‬ 48. ‫( ﺍﻟﻐِﻨﻲ‬Al-Ghanee) - The Independent One Who is Free of All Needs 49. ‫ﺎﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﺘ‬ (Al-Fattaah) - The Judge and Opener Who Distinguishes the Truth from Falsehood 50. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺎﺩﺭ‬Al-Qaadir) - The Fully Able One ِ AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 4 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 51. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺎﻫﺮ‬Al-Qaahir) - The Invincible Subduer ِ 52. ‫ﻭﺱ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟﻘ‬Al-Quddoos) - The ‫ﹸﺪ‬ 53. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﺪِﻳﺮ‬Al-Qadeer) ‫ﹶ‬ 54. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﺮِﻳﺐ‬Al-Qareeb) - The One Who is Near ‫ﹶ‬ 55. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻱ‬Al-Qawee) ِ‫ﹶ‬ 56. ‫ﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﹶﻬ‬ Pure and Perfect The All Powerful The One Perfect in Strength (Al-Qahhaar) - The Overwhelming Subduer Who is Never Overcome 57. ‫( ﺍﻟﻜِﺒ‬Al-Kabeer) - The Incomparably Great ‫ﹶﲑ‬ 58. ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﱘ‬ (Al-Kareem) - The Bountiful, the Generous One Abundant in Good 59. ‫( ﺍﻟﻠﻄِﻴﻒ‬Al-Lateef) - The Subtle and Kind ‫ﱠ‬ 60. ‫( ﺍ ﹸﺆﻣ‬Al-Mu’min) - The True and Trustworthy, the Granter of Security ‫ ِﻦ‬ ‫ﳌ‬ 61. ‫ﺎﻟِﻲ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫( ﺍ ﹸ‬Al-Muta’aalee) - The Supreme and Exalted One ‫ﳌﻌ‬ 62. ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻜ‬‫ﺍ ﹸ‬ ‫ﳌ ﹶﺮ‬ (Al-Mutakabbir) - The One Supreme in Glory, the Justly and Rightfully Proud 63. ‫( ﺍﳌِﺘ‬Al-Mateen) - The Strong ‫ﹶﲔ‬ 64. ‫( ﺍﳌﺠِﻴﺐ‬Al-Mujeeb) - The Responsive ‫ﹸ‬ 65. ‫( ﺍﳌﺠِﻴﺪ‬Al-Majeed) - The One Perfect in Glory and Honour ‫ﹶ‬ 66. ‫( ﺍﳌﺤِﻴﻂ‬Al-Muheet) - The All Encompassing ‫ﹸ ﹸ‬ 67. ‫ﺭ‬ ‫( ﺍﳌﺼ‬Al-Mussawwir) - The Bestower of Forms ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ 68. ‫ﺘﺪ‬‫( ﺍ ﹸﻘ‬Al-Muqtadir) - The Omnipotent ‫ﳌ ﹾ ِﺭ‬ AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 5 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 69. ‫( ﺍﳌﻘِﻴﺖ‬Al-Muqeet) - The All Powerful Maintainer ‫ﹸ‬ 70. ‫( ﺍﳌﻠ‬Al-Malik) - The King ‫ﹶِﻚ‬ 71. ‫( ﺍﳌﻠِﻴﻚ‬Al-Maleek) - The Omnipotent Sovereign ‫ﹶ‬ 72. ‫( ﺍﳌﻮﻟﹶﻰ‬Al-Mawlaa) - The Patron Lord or the Master and Supporter ‫ﹶ‬ 73. ‫ﻴﻤ‬‫( ﺍ ﹸﻬ‬Al-Muhaymin) - The Trustworthy and Ever Watchful Witness ‫ ِﻦ‬ ‫ﳌ‬ 74. ‫ﺼﲑ‬‫( ﺍﻟ‬An-Naseer) - The Helper ِ ‫ﻨ‬ 75. ‫ﺍﺣ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Waahid) - The One and Only ‫ِﺪ‬ 76. ‫ﺍﺭ ﹸ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Waarith) ‫ِﺙ‬ 77. ‫ﺍﺳ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Waasi') - The Vast One ‫ِﻊ‬ 78. ‫ﻭﺩ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Wudood) - The Loving One and the Beloved One ‫ﺩ‬ 79. ‫( ﺍﻟﻮﻛِﻴﻞ‬Al-Wakeel) - The Trustworthy Disposer of Affairs ‫ ﹸ‬ 80. ‫( ﺍﻟﻮِﻟﻲ‬Al-Walee) - The Guardian Lord 81. ‫ﺎﺏ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Wahhaab) - The Bestower ‫ﻫ‬ - The Inheritor From the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam): 82. ‫( ﺍﳉﻤِﻴﻞ‬Al-Jameel) - The Beautiful One ‫ﹶ ﹸ‬ 83. ‫ﺍﺩ‬‫( ﺍﳉﻮ‬Al-Jawaad) - The Munificent ‫ﹶ‬ 84. ‫( ﺍﳊﻜ‬Al-Hakam) - The Judge ‫ﹶ ﹶﻢ‬ 85. ‫ﻲ‬‫( ﺍﳊ‬Al-Hayyiyu) - the One who possesses honourable shame ‫ﹶﻴ‬ AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 6 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 86. ‫ﺏ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬Ar-Rabb) - The Lord and Nurturer ‫ﺮ‬ 87. ‫( ﺍﻟﺮﻓِﻴﻖ‬Ar-Rafeeq) - The Gentle 88. ‫ﻮﺡ‬‫( ﺍﻟﺴ‬As-Sabbooh) - The Venerated and Perfect ‫ﺒ‬ 89. ‫ِﻴﺪ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬As-Sayyid) – The Lord and Master ‫ﺴ‬ 90. ‫ﺎﻓِﻲ‬ ‫( ﺍﻟ‬Ash-Shafee’) - The One Who Cures ‫ﺸ‬ 91. ‫ﺐ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻄ‬At-Tayyib) - The Pure One ‫ﱠﻴ‬ 92. ‫( ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺎِﺑﺾ‬Al-Qaabid) - The Withholder 93. ‫ﺎﺳ ﹸ‬‫( ﺍﻟﺒ‬Al-Baasit) ‫ِﻂ‬ 94. ‫ﻡ‬ ‫( ﺍﳌﻘ‬Al-Muqaddim) - The One Who Gives Precedence ‫ﹸ ﹶﺪ‬ 95. ‫ﺮ‬ ‫( ﺍﳌﺆ‬Al-Mu’akhkhir) - The One Who Puts Back ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ 96. ‫( ﺍ ﹸﺤﺴ‬Al-Muhsin) - The One Who Acts in a Good and Fine Manner ‫ ِﻦ‬ ‫ﳌ‬ 97. ‫( ﺍﳌﻌﻄِﻲ‬Al-Mu’tee) - The Giver ‫ﹸ‬ 98. ‫ﺎﻥ‬‫( ﺍﳌ‬Al-Mannaan) - The Beneficent Bestower of Bounties ‫ﹶﻨ ﹸ‬ 99. ‫ﺗ‬‫( ﺍﻟﻮ‬Al-Witr) ‫ِﺮ‬ The Granter of Ample Provision The One With regard to an explanation of these Names, a number of books have been written in this present age depending upon earlier books. The following explanations are based upon these references. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Jaami’ ul-Bayaan - The tafseer of Ibn Jareer at-Tabari The tafseer of Ibn Katheer Tayseer ul-Kareem ir-Rahmaan - The Tafseer of as-Sa’dee The Tafseer of Al-Baghawee Majmoo’ ul- Fataawa - Shaikh ul-Islaam, Ibn Taymiyyah An-Nooniyah - the poem by Ibn Al-Qayyim I’dat us-Saabireen - also of Ibn Al-Qayyim Ar-rad ‘ala al-Jahmiyyah - of Imaam Ahmad Bada’i ul-Fawaa’id - of Ibn ul-Qayyim AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 7 An Explanation of 99 Names of Allaah 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Sha’n ud-Du’aa - of Al-Khattabee Tafseer Asmaa Illaahi il-Husnaa - of az-Zajjaj Al-Hujjah fee Bayaan il-Mahajjah of Qiwam us-Sunnah of al -Asbahaani At-Tawheed - of Ibn Mandah An-Nihayah - of Ibn Al-Atheer Tafseer Ghareeb il-Qur’aan - of Ibn Qutaybah Al-Mufradaat - of ar-Raghib Lisaan ul-‘Arab - of Ibn Mandhur Al-Haqq ul-Waadih ul-Mubeen - of as-Sa’dee (rahimahumullaah) AQD030013 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 8 ...
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