Unformatted text preview: Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study TAW060008@ Www.Salafipublications.Com Version 1.00 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat (Removal of the Doubts) :
The Eighth Study
All Praise is due to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge
in Allaah from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allaah guides
there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allaah misguides there is none to guide. I bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, alone, without any partners and
I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.
To proceed: this is the treatise of the Shaikh ul-Islaam, Establisher of Tawheed, and Reviver
of the Religion, Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab entitled “the Removal of the Doubts” and
it is one of the most essential and fundamental writings on the subject of Tawheed and what
is connected to it. The translation of the text has been taken from the work of Muhammad
bin Abdur-Rahmaan al-Khumayyis who has added some brief explanatory notes and some
additional footnotes pointing out some other doubts that the enemies of Tawheed use and
spread amongst the people. The whole book is serialised in sections and explanatory titles
have been given to each portion of the text to aid understanding, study and revision.
We pray that Allaah revives the light of Tawheed and the Sunnah and that He removes what
remains of the darknesses of Shirk and Bid’ah, and that He corrects the affairs of the
Ummah, by granting them success in correcting their own souls, following in all of that the
Methodology of the Inheritors the Prophets in every generation, that of Imaam Maalik, that
of the Prophets and Messengers themselves.
To proceed: The Eighth Study… TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 1 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study The Eighth Study: On Shafaa’ah : Intercession
The Shaikh of Islaam, Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab continued:
[8.1] The Claim and Doubt of Rejecting Intercession
If he then says: Do you reject the Intercession of Allaah’s Messenger ( allallaahu alaihi
wasallam) and free yourself from (having any need of) it? Then say: I do not reject it, and
nor am I free of having any need of it. Rather he is the one who will intercede and the one
whose intercession will be granted. I hope in his intercession2 .
[8.2] Understanding the Reality of Intercession in the Qur’aan
However, all intercession belongs to Allaah alone, as He the Most High said, “
Allaah belongs all intercession”. (Zumar 39:44).
And then it does not take place except after the permission of Allaah, just as He – the
Mighty and Majestic – said, “Who can intercede with Him except after His permission?”
And no one can actually intercede for anybody else except after Allaah has granted him
permission regarding it, just as He – the Mighty and Majestic – said, “And they do not
intercede except for the one with whom Allaah is pleased”. (Anbiyaa 21:28).
And He, free is He from imperfections, is not pleased except with Tawheed, just as He, the
Most High, said, “And whoever follows a religion other than Islaam (i.e. Tawheed), then
never will it be accepted from him.” (Aali Imraan 3:85).
[8.3] How Intercession Should be Asked For
Hence, when it is the case that all intercession belongs to Allaah alone, and that it cannot
take place except after His permission, and that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) or
anybody else cannot intercede for anyone unless Allaah’s grants permission for this person,
and Allaah – the Most High – does not grant permission except for the people of Tawheed,
then it will have become clear to you that all intercession belongs to Allaah alone and I seek 1 Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen: “He says this so that he can force you to accept the permissibility of supplicating to
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), with the hope that he might intercede for you, if you were to call upon
Shaikh Ibn Ibraaheem: “And this is the way of the people of falsehood. When their calling upon other than
Allaah is rejected they say this is a rejection of Intercession… they begin to revile the people of Tawheed, and
they say that you reject the Intercession, and you reduce the worth of the Awliyaa, the Righteous…”
2 Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan: “The Intercession of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) is not rejected except
by the people of falsehood, and the astray sects such as the Khawaarij and the Mu’tazilah. As for Ahl us-Sunnah
wal-Jamaa’ah then it is from the foundations of their aqeedah to affirm the Intercession of the Prophet
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), and the intercession of the Pious Friends of Allaah, and the Righteous. However,
it is not to be sought from them, while they are dead. It is actually sought from Allaah, since there is none who
can intercede except after Allaah’s permission…” TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 2 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study it from Him alone. So I say, “O Allaah do not prevent me from being interceded for”, and “O
Allaah accept his intercession for me” and what is similar to these words.3
[8.4] The Claim and Doubt of Asking From What Has Been Given To the Prophet
If he then says, “The Prophet ( allallaahu alaihi wasallam) has been given the right of
intercession and I merely ask him from that which he has been given”. Then the answer is
that Allaah has indeed given him the right of intercession but He has forbidden you from
this (i.e. asking the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) for it). So He, the Most High, said,
“And do not call upon anyone besides Allaah”. (Jinn 72:18).
So if you were to call upon Allaah [asking Him] that He should make him (i.e. the Prophet)
intercede for you, then you have obeyed Him in His saying, “And do not call upon anyone
besides Allaah”. (Jinn 72:18).
[8.5] Reverting to the Worship of the Righteous and Demonstrating The Clearly False
Also, intercession has been given to other than the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). It is
authentic that the Angels will intercede, likewise the Pious Friends of Allaah, and also others
(who died before the age of puberty, afraat).
Will you then say (and argue) that Allaah has given them the right to intercede, and hence I
ask for this intercession from them? If you were to say this, then you have reverted back to
the worship of the righteous which Allaah has mentioned in His Book.
And if you were to say “No”, then your claim that “Allaah has given him (i.e. the Prophet)
the right to intercede, and I merely ask him from that which he has been given” is actually
falsified.”4 End of the Shaikh’s words.
3 Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen: “The author – rahimahullaah – intended here that since Intercession belongs to
Allaah alone, and it does not take place except after His permission, and that it is only for those whom He is
pleased with – and He is not pleased with anything but Tawheed, then all of this necessitates that intercession
should not be sought and asked for except from Allaah, the Most High, and not from the Prophet (sallallaahu
Shaikh Ibn Ibraaheem: “…For verily the Prophet ( allallaahu alaihi wasallam) does not have independent
control over intercession, rather, he will not intercede except for specific people, those who are actually
deserving of receiving this intercession… The verse (i.e. Zumar 39:44) has explained that intercession is under
the ownership of Allaah alone, and it being bestowed upon the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) – while
not being given to him independently though, outside of [the permission and control of] Allaah – is an
honouring of him (the Prophet) by it, and it is for a specific group of people, within a defined and specific
scope. Hence, it is a defined and limited thing, for something that is also defined and limited (i.e. those who
will receive it)…”
Shaikh Ibn Ibraaheem: “Hence, when intercession belongs to Allaah alone, as occurs in the first verse (quoted
above) and it does not take place except after his permission, as occurs in the second verse, and the Prophet
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) cannot intercede for anyone unless Allaah has permitted them to do so, as occurs
in the third verse, and Allaah does not grant permission for intercession to be made except for the people of
People, as occurs in the fourth verse, then it will become clear to you that all of intercession belongs to Allaah,
it is his dominion, alone, and that it is only sought from Allaah…”
4 Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen: “Hence, the reply to this is from three angles: TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 3 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study a)
b) c) that Allaah has given him (the Prophet) the Intercession, but He has forbidden you from associating
partners with Him in supplication (du’aa), “And do not call upon anyone besides Allaah”. (Jinn 72:18)
that Allaah – free is He from imperfection, the Most High – has given him (the Prophet) intercession, yet
he does not intercede except after Allaah’s permission, and he does not intercede except for the one with
whom Allaahis pleased. Whoever is a Mushrik, then Allaah is not pleased with him, and hence he will not
permit that he should be interceded for, as He said, “And they will not intercede except for the one with
whom He is pleased”. (Anbiyaa 21:28)
that Allaah has given Intercession to other than the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). The Angels will
intercede, the Awliyaa will intercede (on the Day of Judgement) and others (those who died before
puberty) likewise. So say to him, will you ask intercession from these as well (i.e. supplicate to them and
ask for it)? If he says “No” then, then his saying is rendered futile, and if he says “Yes”, then he has
reverted to his saying of worshipping the righteous. Then a further matter, this person does not actually
desire the intercession of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), and if he had truly desired it, he would
have said, “O Allaah, grant me the Intercession of your Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam)”, however he supplicates to the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam),
andcalling upon others besides Allaah is the major shirk which expels from the religion. So how can this
man who calls upon others alongside Allaah except that anyone should intercede for him with Allaah, free
is He from imperfection, the Most High.” Shaikh Ibn Ibraaheem: “…And it will become clear to you that just because a person has been granted the right
to intercede (for others), this itself does not prove that he will be able to give it (i.e. intercede) to whomever asks
for it. Otherwise, it would necessitate that anyone who merely asked for intercession wuold be granted it
automatically, and in this case the Sharee’ah [acts] would have been invalidated (i.e. they would no longer be
necessary since everyone would be interceded for). Hence, this shows that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi
wasallam) being given the right of intercession is actually limited and defined, and it does not indicate that it
should actually be sought from him. And if it had been sought from him, then the Companions would have
been the first to have requested this intercession from him…” TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 4 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study Points to Note
8A. Shafaa’ah (Intercession) in its linguistic and Sharee’ah meaning represents “du’aa”
(supplication) and “talb” (requesting, seeking something) – and involves three parties.
1) the one requesting the intercession, or the one for whom intercession is being made
2) the one who will actually make the intercession
3) the one who will grant or reject the intercession
8B. After having been refuted and exposed in his ploy to differentiate between his action
and that of the Mushriks, and also in his ignorance of the reality of worship (ibaadah), the
Mushrik now attempts to accuse the Muwahhid of denying the Intercession of the Prophet
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam).
8C. The affirmed intercession of our Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) is of
1) The great intercession, which, amidst all his brothers from the other Prophets and
Messengers is specifically for our Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) and this is for the
coming of Allaah so that Judgment may begin.
2) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for people whose good and bad deeds are
equal, so he will intercede for them to enter Paradise.
3) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for another group of people for whom the
Fire had been ordered, so he will intercede that they do not enter it.
4) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for the raising of the ranks of those have
entered Paradise, that their rank be raised to one greater than what their reward for their
actions would have given them.
5) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for a people to be entered into Paradise
6) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for the lightening of the punishment for
those who deserve it, such as his intercession for his uncle Abu Taalib for his
punishment to be lightened.
7) His (intercession) for the permission to be granted for all the Believers to enter Paradise.
8) His (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) intercession for the people who committed major sins,
amongst those who entered the Fire, that they be brought out of it.
See Sharh ut-Tahaawiyyah of Ibn Abi al-Izz (d.792H).
8D. The people of Tawheed affirm the Intercession of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi
wasallam) in the Hereafter, as outlined above, and in keeping with the fact that intercession
belongs solely to Allaah, and He alone grants the ability and permission to whomever He
wills to intercede, it should be sought only from Him – and this is from the requirements of
Tawheed. TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 5 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study 8E. It is affirmed that the Angels and the Righteous will also intercede, besides the Prophet
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). This is confirmed in numerous ahaadeeth.And here is an
example of one such hadeeth:
“...They, the believers, will say about their brothers in the Hellfire: “O our Lord! They used
to fast, pray and make Hajj with us!” It will be said to them, “Take out those from them
those that you recognise”, and so they will be made forbidden to the Fire, and a great
number will be removed... then they will say, “O our Lord! No one remains in the Fire from
those whom you ordered us (to take out)!” So Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - will say,
“Return. And in whoever's heart you find the weight of a deenar of goodness, take them
out”. So they will again take out a large portion. Then they will say, “O our Lord! No one
remains from those whom you ordered us (to take out)”. So he will say, “Return and in
whoever's heart you find the weight of half a deenar of goodness, then take them out”. So
they will take out a large portion, and will then say, “O our Lord! No one remains from
those whom you ordered us (to take out)”. He will then say, “Return, and in whoever's heart
you find an atom's weight of goodness, take them out”. So they will remove a large portion.
And they will then say, “O our Lord! No one remains from those whom you ordered us (to
take out)”. And Abu Sa'eed al-Khudree used to say, “If you do not believe me about this
hadeeth, then recite if you like (the saying of Allaah), “Indeed Allaah does not wrong even
the weight of an atom, and if there is a good deed, he will multiply it and give for it a great
reward...”. So then Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic will say, “The Angels have interceded,
the Prophets have interceded, the Believers have interceded and none remains but the
most merciful of those who show mercy (Arham ur-Raahimeen)”. So Hellfire will be taken
and a people who had never ever done any good will be taken out of it - and they will be like
burnt coals (ashes) and so they will be placed into a river at the openings of Paradise, the
River of Life, and they will be taken out like seeds, then they will be taken out like pearls...
They are the Utaqaa of Allaah (the freed ones of Allaah) from the Fire and who He will
enter into Paradise, without any action that they did and without any goodness that they
brought forward.” Bukhaaree and Muslim
8E. It is necessitated therefore, from the disputants viewpoint, that he also invoke the Angels
and the Righteous in order to solicit their intercession – since they too have been granted
the right to intercede. If he approves of this, then he has reverted to the worship of the
righteous and he has thus, resembled the Mushriks upon whom the Qur’aan was revealed. If
however, he does not accept that the Righteous and the Angels should be called upon for
intercession, then this refutes his argument in favour of calling upon the Prophet (sallallaahu
alaihi wasallam) in order to solicit his intercession.
8F. Shafaa’ah takes place in the life of this world in the form of supplicating for others, or
requesting others to supplicate for you, or the Janaazah prayer (which is a form of
intercession by the Muslims on behalf of the deceased) and the likes, or in the Hereafter in
the precise way and manner that has been outlined in the authentic narrations.
As for the intercession that the Mushriks seek, then they seek it from the Prophets and the
Righteous while they are dead and buried in the graves, in the Barzakh. There is no proof
from the Book and the Sunnah to indicate that intercession is sought from those who have
TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 6 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study passed away while they are in the Barzakh, and that they are called upon and asked for their
intercession. Rather this is the very Shirk of the Mushriks upon whom the Qur’an was
revealed. TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 7 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Eighth Study Action Plan of the Muwahhid
1. Memorise the four verses: Zumar 39:44, Baqarah 2:255, Anbiyaa 21:28, Aali Imraan 3:85.
These verses explain the reality of Intercession, that it all belongs to Allaah, that it can only
take place after His permission, that it only takes place for those with whom He is pleased
and that He is only pleased with Tawheed.
2. Know of all the types of intercession that are affirmed for our Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi
wasallam) specifically, and for the Angels and Believers in general.
3. Know that supplicating to those besides Allaah for the sake of seeking and soliciting their
intercession is the Major Shirk and is also the Shirk of Du’aa, since intercession, like
forgiveness and sustenance and the repelling of harm and the bringing about of good and so
on, is sought only from Allaah, as it His sole dominion and right.
4. Know that there is no difference between seeking intercession by way of supplication from
the Prophet or the Prophets and between those besides them from the Angels and Righteous
– just like there is no difference between prostrating to the Prophet ( allallaahu alaihi
wasallam) and between prostrating to anyone other than him and so on with all the other
acts of worship which if directed to other than Allaah, necessitate Major Shirk.
5. Think, ponder and reflect over all of this. Then, when you are satisfied with your
understanding and acquisition, then proceed to Part 9, seeking Allaah’s aid and assistance in
all of that.
And may the prayers and peace be upon Allaah’s Messenger, his family, his companions and
those who follow him upon Tawheed and the Sunnah till the affair is established. TAW060008 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 8 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Professorsunni during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '12