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Unformatted text preview: Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study TAW060002@ Www.Salafipublications.Com Version 1.00 20th January 2001 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat (Removal of the Doubts) :
The Second Study
All Praise is due to Allaah, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge
in Allaah from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allaah guides
there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allaah misguides there is none to guide. I bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, alone, without any partners and
I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.
To proceed: this is the treatise of the Shaikh ul-Islaam, Establisher of Tawheed, and Reviver
of the Religion, Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab entitled “the Removal of the Doubts” and
it is one of the most essential and fundamental writings on the subject of Tawheed and what
is connected to it. The translation of the text has been taken from the work of Muhammad
bin Abdur-Rahmaan al-Khumayyis who has added some brief explanatory notes and some
additional footnotes pointing out some other doubts that the enemies of Tawheed use and
spread amongst the people. The whole book is serialised in sections and explanatory titles
have been given to each portion of the text to aid understanding, study and revision.
We pray that Allaah revives the light of Tawheed and the Sunnah and that He removes what
remains of the darknesses of Shirk and Bid’ah, and that He corrects the affairs of the
Ummah, by granting them success in correcting their own souls, following in all of that the
Methodology of the Inheritors the Prophets in every generation, that of Imaam Maalik, that
of the Prophets and Messengers themselves.
To proceed: The Second Study… TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 1 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study The Second Study: The True Nature of the Tawheed That the Messengers
The Shaikh of Islaam, Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahhaab continued:
2.1 [What the Messenger Fought For]
“…And when you have come to know that the Messenger of Allaah fought them on account
of this Shirk [that they fell into] and he invited them to make their worship purely and
sincerely for Allaah alone, just as He, the Most High, said, “So do not call upon anyone
alongside Allaah” (Surah Jinn 72:18). And He also said, “For Him (Alone) is the Word of
Truth (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but He). And those whom they invoke,
answer them with nothing…” (Ra’d 13:14). And when you have established that the
Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) fought them so that all of invocation (du’a)
would be for Allaah [alone], likewise making oaths for Allaah alone, [ritual] sacrificing
(dhabh) for Allaah alone, seeking aid [in times of hardship] from Allaah alone, and all the
various forms of worship for Allaah alone.
2.2 [What Constitutes Shirk]
And when you have come to know that their [mere] affirmation of Tawheed ur-Ruboobiyyah
did not enter them into Islaam, and that their seeking the Angels, or the Prophets, or the
Righteous, seeking their intercession and seeking nearness to Allaah through all of that was
the reason that made their blood and wealth lawful.
2.3 [The True Nature of the Tawheed of the Messenger(s)]
[When you have come to know all of these affairs], then you will have come to know [the
true nature] of the Tawheed which the Messengers invited to and which the Mushriks
refused to affirm and accept. And this Tawheed is the meaning of “Laa ilaaha illallaah”
(There is none which has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone). For a deity (ilaah)
– in the view of the Mushriks – is the one who is sought for the sake of these affairs (that is
intercession and nearness to Allaah), whether it be an Angel, a Prophet, a tree, a grave or a
jinn. They did not intend or mean that a deity (ilaah) is the Creator, Sustainer or Regulator
(Mudabbir), for they knew that this is only for Allaah alone – as has preceded – but what
they meant by ilaah what the Mushriks of our time intend by the word “sayyid” (master,
2.4 [The Meaning, Not the Utterance]
So the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) came to them to invite them to the word of
Tawheed, “Laa ilaaha illallaah”. And what is required from this word is its actual meaning,
not merely its utterance [upon the tongue].
2.5 [The Ignorant Unbelievers Understood the Reality of Tawheed]
The ignorant Unbelievers know that the intent of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam)
by this word was the singling out of Allaah, the Most High, in attachment to Him (atta’alluq) [with all forms of worship] and disbelieving in whatever is worshipped besides him,
and freeing oneself from that. For when he said to them, “Say Laa ilaaha illallaah”, they TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 2 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study replied, “Has he made the âliha (gods) (all) into One Ilâh (God - Allâh). Verily, this is a
curious thing!” (Sad 38:5).
2.6 [The Muslims Stooped in Ignorance of the Reality of Tawheed]
So when you have come to know that the ignorant amongst the Unbelievers knew all of this,
then it is amazingly strange that one who claims Islaam for himself yet he does not even
know the explanation of this word (the Kalimah) which even the ignorant amongst the
Unbelievers knew. Rather, he even thinks that it merely involves the utterance of its letters
without the heart believing in any of its meanings. Even the intelligent and shrewd amongst
them (the ones who claim Islaam) think that its meaning is that none creates or sustains and
nourishes but Allaah, and none controls the affairs except Allaah. So there can be no
goodness in a person when the ignorant ones amongst the Unbelievers are more
knowledgeable than him of the meaning of “Laa ilaaha illallaah”.
End of Shaikh ul-Islaam’s words. TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 3 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study Points to Note
2A. The two verses quoted at the opening of the passage (Jinn 72:18, Ra’d 13:14) both
indicate that supplication or invocation (d’ua) is for Allaah alone and that calling others
alongside Allaah constitutes Shirk. There are many other verses with this meaning. Refer to
Mu’minoon 23:117, Furqaan 25:68, Shu’araa 26:213, Qasas 28:88.
2B. The Mushriks called upon those besides Allaah with du’aa (invocation) in order to solicit
their intercession and to seek nearness to Allaah through them. Bearing in mind that they
affirmed the Ruboobiyyah of Allaah, denied it for their own objects of worship, actually
worshipped Allaah and called upon Him alone at times1, then it is clear that the nature of
their Shirk was setting up intermediaries between themselves and Allaah and calling upon
them and soliciting them. So their worship was not exclusive worship of Allaah alone, rather
alongside that they worshipped others by calling upon them.
2C. All of this indicates the true nature of the Tawheed of the Messengers, which is making
all the various types of worship, internal and external, those of the heart, tongue and limbs,
for Allaah alone. And it is this meaning which characterises the phrase “Laa ilaaha illallaah”.
2D. The Mushriks understanding of the word ilaah (deity, object of worship) was that it
means one who is sought for the sake of intercession and for nearness to Allaah. This is what
the Qur’aan indicates, that the Mushriks, when it is the case that they do not commit Shirk
in Ruboobiyyah, that they deny Ruboobiyyah for other than Allaah, worship Allaah,
remember him, and call upon Him alone at times, and that their argument for calling upon
1 DOUBT ALERT NO. 3: THE MUSHRIKS ONLY PRAYED TO IDOLS AND BELIEVED THE IDOLS
COULD SAVE THEM AND BENEFIT THEM!!
And the Qur’aan has falsified this by describing the state and condition of the Mushriks when their lives are at
He it is Who enables you to travel through land and sea, till when you are in the ships and they sail with
them with a favourable wind, and they are glad therein, then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to
them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein, they invoke Allâh, making their Faith
pure for Him Alone, saying: "If You (Allâh) deliver us from this, we shall truly be of the grateful." (Yunus
And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allâh, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He
brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. (Al-'Ankabut 29:65)
And when a wave covers them like shades (i.e. like clouds or the mountains of sea-water), they invoke Allâh,
making their invocations for Him only. But when He brings them safe to land, there are among them those
that stop in the middle, between (Belief and disbelief). But none denies Our Signs except every perfidious
ungrateful. ( Luqman 31:32)
And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you except
Him (Allâh Alone). But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever
ungrateful. (Al-Isra 17:67)
And all of this indicates that the Mushriks did not commit Shirk in Ruboobiyyah since they knew that Allaah
alone can save them, and so in situations like these they made their supplication and worship for Allaah alone.
Knowing that those whom they call upon at other times cannot help them or benefit them. TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 4 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study others was that they bring them closer to Allaah and offer them intercession, then all of this
indicates that their understanding of ilaah was anyone who will bring them closer to Allaah
by way of intercession, whether it is an Angel, Prophet or Righteous person, Jinn, and even
stones, idols and trees2. Hence, we understand the meaning of the word ilaah as used in the
Qur’aan, that it refers to whatever is called upon, revered and adored.
DOUBT ALERT NO. 4: THE MUSHRIKS ONLY CALLED UPON THE IDOLS BUT DID NOT
INVOKE THE RIGHTEOUS PEOPLE!!
2 And this is falsehood since the Qur’aan affirms that the Mushriks called upon human beings:
And who is more astray than one who calls (invokes) besides Allâh, those who will not answer him till the
Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls (invocations) to them? (Al-Ahqaf 46:5).
In the above verse the relative pronoun “man” (whoever) is used in the phrase “man laa yastajeebu lahu”, and
this pronoun is not used for non-rational or inanimate beings. In other places in the Qur’aan Allaah uses the
relative pronoun “maa” (whatever) which relates to non-rational and inanimate beings.
In fact, in the verse prior to the above verse Allaah says:
Say (O Muhammad to these pagans): “Think! All that you invoke besides Allâh show me! What have they
created of the earth? Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed before
this), or some trace of knowledge (in support of your claims), if you are truthful!” (Al-Ahqaf 46:4)
Here the relative pronoun “maa” is used in the phrase “ara’aytum maa tad’oona min doonillaah”. So Allaah, in
these two verses, used both “maa” and “man” to indicate both rational and non-rational beings were called
Then even when the Mushriks called upon the idols, then these idols were actually representations of dead
righteous people, and hence they were not actually invoking the idols in and of themselves but those that they
represented. Reflect upon the following:
And recite to them the story of Ibrâhim (Abraham). When he said to his father and his people: “What do you
worship?” They said: “We worship idols, and to them we are ever devoted.” He said: “Do they hear you
(yasma’oonakum), when you call (on them)? “Or do they benefit you (yanfa’oonakum) or do they harm (you)
(yadurroon)?” (Ash-Shu'ara 26:69-73).
Note the use of the male plural form of the verb in reference to the idols. If the actual idols were meant in and
of themselves then the female singular form would have been used (tasma’ukum, tanfa’ukum, tadurr).
And what all of this indicates is that Allaah often uses the word “man” and “maa” and refers to whatever is
worshipped besides Allaah with the male plural forms of verbs, in order to cover all the various manifestations
of the Shirk that is being committed. This is because when the Mushriks worship those besides Allaah they
actually worship a number of things. Firstly, the pious person that is at the root of this worship (i.e. seeking of
intercession, nearness etc.), then whatever surrounds and is central to all that such as a tomb, or a gravestone,
or a statue that represents the dead person.
And amongst the clearest of proofs for all of what has preceded is the saying of Allaah:
If you invoke (or call upon) them (tad’oohum), they hear not (laa yasma’oo) your call, and if (in case) they were
to hear (wa law sami’oo), they could not grant it (your request) to you (ma-stajaaboo lakum). And on the Day of
Resurrection, they will disown (yakfuroona) your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O
Muhammad) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything). (Fatir 35:14).
Notice first of all the male plural pronoun at the beginning (hum), then the use of four verbs in the male plural
form to refer to those that are called upon with du’a!! This is not in reference to mere idols, O intelligent one!! TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 5 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study 2E. The meaning of the Kalimah was understood by the ignorant ones amongst the
Unbelievers, they knew and understood well the reality of the Tawheed that they were being
called to. This is why they replied, in their amazement, “Has he made the âliha (gods) (all)
into One Ilâh (God - Allâh). Verily, this is a curious thing!” (Sad 38:5), and they meant by
this that “…should Allaah be the only one that should be called upon alone?”, not that “is
Allaah alone the Creator, Owner and Provider?”, as has already preceded.
2F. The affairs have reached such proportions that many amongst the Muslims have become
stooped in ignorance about the reality of the Tawheed of the Messengers, and they are lessknowledgeable of the actual meaning and requirement of what they profess with their
tongues (the Kalimah) than the most ignorant of the Unbelievers, who knew what they were
being called to and rejected it with this perfect knowledge of what they were being called to.
2G. Even worse is that even the most shrewd and intelligent ones amongst those who profess
Islaam have become confused between the Ruboobiyyah of Allaah and His Uloohiyyah, and
so they have thought that what is meant by the Kalimah is that Allaah is the Creator, Owner
and Provider. And this has become the situation of many of the groups and parties today,
that they do not differentiate between the meaning of Rabb and the meaning of Ilaah.
2H. The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) did not distinguish between any of the various
types of Mushriks and fought them all. That is regardless of whether they directed this
invocation and supplication (du’a) to an Angel, Prophet, Righteous Person, Jinn, stone, tree
or idol, he fought them all since the nature of their Shirk was the same, that is taking
intermediaries between themselves and Allaah and soliciting their intercession and claiming
to attain nearness to Allaah through them. And there are many other proofs of this nature in the Qur’an, may Allaah grant us and you success in
understanding the realities of Tawheed. TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 6 Readings in Kashf ush-Shubuhaat: The Second Study Action Plan of the Muwahhid
1. Memorise the verses Jinn 72:18, Ra’d 13:14 which related to Allaah’s sole right to be
invoked and the other similar verses if your are capable.
2. Understand well the meaning of the word ilaah and note that it is not the same as rabb
and understand that an ilaah is anything that is invoked besides Allaah, be it an Angel,
Prophet, Righteous person, Jinn, stone, idol, tree or anything else from the creation. Be able
to explain the difference between a rabb and an ilaah by quoting verses you have learned in
this and the previous lesson.
3. Memorise the verses which mention that the Mushriks would call upon Allaah alone in
times of distress and would abandon those they would invoke besides Allaah.
4. Understand well that the attachment of the Mushriks to those besides Allaah was for the
purpose of seeking intercession and seeking nearness to Allaah through them.
5. Memorise the verses in which the male plural pronouns are used for those who are called
upon, and which prove that it was not the idols, in and of themselves that were being
invoked, but those that they represented from the righteous and dead people.
6. Memorise to the best of your ability the eight points above which explain the passage and
extract the various important points from it.
7. Think, ponder and reflect over all of this. Then, when you are satisfied with your
understanding and acquisition, then proceed to Part 3, seeking Allaah’s aid and assistance in
all of that.
And may the prayers and peace be upon Allaah’s Messenger, his family, his companions and
those who follow him upon Tawheed and the Sunnah till the affair is established. TAW060002 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 7 ...
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