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Unformatted text preview: A Treatise on the Prophetic Ahaadeeths SCL100014 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM Version 1.0 Mudhakkirah al-Hadeeth an-Nabawee
by Rabee Bin Haadee Umayr al-Madkhalee
Trans. Abu Naasir Abid Zargar The Effect of the Knowledge and Guidance, which
Muhammad came with, on the different types of people
From Abu Musaa al-Asharee (radiallaahu anhu), from the Prophet (sallallaahu
alaihi wasallam) who said:
“The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me is
like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that
absorbed rain-water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance.
(And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain-water and Allaah
benefited the people with it and they utilised it for drinking, making their
animals drink from it and to irrigate the land for cultivation. (And) a portion
of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth
vegetation (then that land gave no benefits).
The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allaah’s religion
and benefits (from the knowledge) which Allaah has revealed through me
and learns and then teaches it to others. (The last example is that of a) person
who does not care for it and does not accept Allaah’s guidance which I have
been sent with (he is like that barren land.)”
Reported by al-Bukhaaree1, Muslim2 and Ahmad3.
The Reporter of the Hadeeth
Abu Musaa al-Asharee, Abdullaah bin Qais bin Saleem bin Hadaar, the famous
Companion. He emigrated to Makkah, then to Ethiopia and then to Madinah.
The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) sent him as an envoy to Yemen.
1 Hadeeth no. 79.
Hadeeth no. 15, 2282.
2 SCL100014 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 1 A Treatise on the Prophetic Ahaadeeths He was brave, scholarly and active. Umar bin al-Khataab placed him in charge
of Kufah and Basrah. He conquered al-Ahwaaz, Asbahaan and numerous other
He died in the year 50 A.H., may Allaah be pleased with him.
A Clarification of this Example
The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) put forth a similitude between that
which he came with from the deen and between the rain which comes to the
people while they are in need of it. This was the state of the people before he
was sent. So just as the rain gives life to the dead land then similarly revelation
from Allaah gives life to the dead hearts.
He, the Most High, said:
“Is he who was dead (without Faith) and We gave him life (by knowledge and
Faith) and set for him a light (of belief) whereby he can walk amongst men –
like him who is in darkness (of disbelief) from which he can never come
So the ‘light’ mentioned here is the light of revelation and the ‘darkness’ is the
darkness of ignorance, disbelief and misguidance.
Then he (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) likened those who hear that which he
came with to the differing types of earth upon which the rain falls:
1) So amongst them is the scholar, the one who does good deeds and teaches
others. His status is like the good earth which absorbed (rain) so it benefited
itself and produced plantation which benefited others.
2) Amongst them is the one who gathers knowledge and strives hard in
attaining it but he does not act on its recommended deeds or that which he
gathers does not benefit him except that he conveys it to others. His status is
like the earth upon which the water lingers, so the people take benefit from
it, and he indicated this in his saying: “May Allaah illuminate a man who heard
my speech, then memorised it, then conveyed it just as he had heard it.”
3) And amongst them is the one who listens to knowledge but does not
memorise it nor acts upon it nor conveys it to others. Then his status is like SCL100014 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 2 A Treatise on the Prophetic Ahaadeeths the swampy or smooth earth which cannot accept water or it spoils the
water for others.
He (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) linked the first two praised groups due to the
benefit that is derived from both of them. And he singled out the third
blameworthy group due to the lack of benefit from it.
So it is obligatory upon you, O Muslim brother, to seek the prophetic
knowledge and act upon it, May Allaah elevate you with it.
He, the Most High, said:
“Allaah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have
been granted knowledge.” [al-Mujaadilah:11]
“Say: Are those who know equal to those who know not?” [az-Zumar:9]
And it is obligatory upon you is to act upon it and give dawah to it. He, the
Most High, said:
“And who is better in speech than he who invites to Allaah’s religion and
does righteous good deeds and says: “I am one of the Muslims.”[Fussilat:33]
So strive to be from the first type, those who accept the light which
Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) came with, so that it illuminates and
gives life to your heart, since a correct and good life cannot be attained except
And take every precaution against being from the third type, the one who does
not accept the guidance of Allaah, and is not raised by it to an elevated status.
The Benefits of the Hadeeth
1) The excellence of the guidance and knowledge which the Messenger
(sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) came with. It is nothing but the Qur’aan and
the Sunnah and their effects upon the life of mankind.
2) The difference between the people with regard to their willingness to accept
or reject that which the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) came with.
This shows that people are of different compositions. SCL100014 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 3 A Treatise on the Prophetic Ahaadeeths 3) The excellence of knowledge, teaching and spreading of good amongst the
4) The consequence of rejecting what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu
alaihi wasallam) came with from the Book and the Sunnah. And this
rejection is an indication of the wicked composition of these people and
their insignificance with Allaah and in the sight of Islaam. SCL100014 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 4 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Professorsunni during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '12