Unformatted text preview: A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM Version 1.0 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah li I’tiqaad at-Taaifah
an-Naajiyah al-Mansoorah – Part 5
The Propagated Signposts of the Sunnah For the Creed of the Saved and
by Al-Haafidh al-Hakamee
Trans. Abul-Irbaad Abid Zargar [Q. 81] What is the obligation upon the whole ummah with regard
to abiding by the Qur’aan?
[A. 81] It is to follow it outwardly and inwardly, to cling to it and to fulfil its
Allaah, the Most High, said, “And this is a blessed Book (the
Qur’aan) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear
Allaah.” (al-An‘aam: 155)
He, the Most High, said, “Follow what has been sent down unto you
from your Lord (the Qur’aan and the Sunnah), and follow not
any awliyaa besides (Allaah).” (al-Aa’raaf: 3)
He, the Most High, said, “And as to those who hold fast to the Book
and establish the prayer, certainly We shall never waste the
reward of those who do righteous deeds.” (al-Aa’raaf: 170)
And this verse is general and refers to the whole Book, and there are many
verses regarding this.
And the Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) ordered the people to stick to
the Book of Allaah, he said, “So stick to the Book of Allaah and hold fast to
Part of a long hadeeth reported by Muslim in Kitaab Fadaail us-Sahaabah, Chapter: The
virtues of Alee ibn Abee Taalib (radiallaahu anhu) (no. 2408) and Ahmad (4/367, 371) and
it is reported by ad-Daarimee in his “Sunan” (2/432) in Fadaail ul-Qur’aan. And all the
hadeeth are reported by way of Zayd bin Arqam (radiallaahu anhu). The beginning of the
hadeeth is “To proceed: O you people, I am a human being I am about to receive a
messenger (angel of death) from my Lord and I leave amongst you two weighty things.
The first of them is the Book of Allaah, in it is guidance and light so stick to the Book of
Allaah and hold fast to it.
1 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 1 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah And in the hadeeth reported by ‘Alee in marfoo’ form, “Surely, there will be
trials.” I said, “What is the way out from them, O Messenger of Allaah?” He
said, “The Book of Allaah.” 2 and he mentioned the hadeeth.
Q 82: What is the meaning of clinging to the Book and fulfilling its
[A. 82] It means to memorize and recite it during the night and day, to
contemplate over its verses, to declare lawful what it declares lawful and to
declare unlawful what it declares unlawful, to comply to its commands and
to avoid its prohibitions, to derive lessons from its parables, to take
admonition in its narratives, to act on its clear verses and to submit to its
unclear verses, to refrain at its boundaries, to defend it from the distortion
of the extremists and the falsehood of the liars, and to be sincere to it in
every sense of the word and to call to it with insight.
[Q. 83] What is the ruling regarding the one who claims that the
Qur’aan is created?
[A. 83] The Qur’aan is the real Speech of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, its
words and its meaning. His Speech is not letters without meaning nor
meaning without letters. Allaah Spoke with it (the Qur’aan) verbally and
revealed it to His Prophet as revelation, and the believers truly believed in it.
So even though it is written by the hands, recited by the tongue, preserved
by the hearts, heard by the ears, and seen by the eyes, then all that does not
mean that it is not the Speech of Allaah.
Indeed, the hands, ink, pens, and papers are all created, while what is
written down with them or on them is not. Moreover, tongues and voices are
created, while what is recited thereof is not. The hearts are created, while
what is preserved within them is not. And the ears are created, while what is
heard is not.
He, the Most High, said, “That (this) is indeed an honourable
recitation (the Noble Qur’aan). In a Book well guarded (with
Allaah in the heaven i.e. al-Lawh al-Mahfuz).” (al-Waaqi‘ah: 77-78) Weak. Reported by ad-Daarimee in his “Sunan” (2/434) in Kitaab Fadaail ul-Qur’aan
and by at-Tirmidhee (5/172) Chapter: That which has been reported regarding the virtues
of the Qur’aan. And he said, “This hadeeth is not known to us except through this chain
and its chain is unknown and regarding al-Haarith there is some speech.” And Imaam alAlbaanee (rahimahullaah) reported it in “Da’eef ul-Jami’” no. 2080 and he said that the
hadeeth is very weak. Shaikh Ahmad Shaakir (rahimahullaah) said that the chain is very
weak due to al-Haarith al-A'awar.
2 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 2 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah He, the Most High, said, “Nay, but they, the clear aayaat are
preserved in the breasts of those who have been given
knowledge. And none but the Dhaalimun (polytheists and
wrongdoers) deny Our aayaat.” (al-‘Ankabut: 49)
He, the Most High, said, “And recite what has been revealed to you
of the Book (the Qur’aan) of your Lord. None can change His
Words.” (al-Kahf: 27)
He, the Most High, said, “And if anyone of the mushrikun seeks
your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear
the Word of Allaah (the Qur’aan).” (at-Tawbah: 6)
Ibn Mas’ood (radiallaahu anhu) said, “Be constant in looking into the
Whoever says the Qur’aan or a part of the Qur’aan is created then he is a
disbeliever due to major kufr which expels him from Islaam in totality. This
is because the Qur’aan is the Speech of Allaah, the Most High, it originated
from Him and will return to Him, and His Speech is one of His Attributes.
So whoever says some of Allaah’s Attributes are created then he is a
disbeliever, an apostate and he is presented with the choice of returning to
Islaam. If he returns then fine, otherwise he is killed as a disbeliever and
none of the rulings applicable to the Muslims are applicable to him. 3
[Q. 84] Is the Attribute of Speech related to Allaah’s Essence or
[A. 84] With regard to associating Speech to the Essence of Allaah, the Most
High, and describing Him with it, then it is from the Attributes of His
Essence, like His, the Most High’s, Knowledge. Rather Speech is from His
Knowledge and He sent His Speech down with His Knowledge, and He is the
most Knowledgeable of what He sends down.
With regard to Him Speaking by His Will and Wish, then His Speech is from
the Attributes of Action. As the Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said,
“When Allaah Wishes to reveal a matter He speaks with revelation.” 4 This is taken from the speech of Imaam Ahmad, Imaam Maalik, Imaam Shaafi’ee, Ibn
Khuzaimah and other Imaams from the Salaf us-Saaleh. Refer to the book “al-Ma‘aarij alQabool” of the author (rahimahullaah) vol. 1, p. 188-203.
4 Weak. Its chain is weak due to Na‘eem bin Hammaad. Reported by Ibn Khuzaimah in
“Kitaab ut-Tawheed” (p. 90) and al-Baihaqee in “al-Asmaa” (p. 203) and Ibn Abi Aasim in
“Kitaab us-Sunnah” where Imaam al-Albaanee indicated the weakness of the hadeeth and
traced it back to its origin. Refer to “Kitaab us-Sunnah” (vol. 1, p. 227) (no. 515).
3 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 3 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah And due to this the Salaf us-Saaleh have said regarding the Attribute of
Speech that it is an Attribute of the Essence and Actions simultaneously.
Allaah, glorified be He, the Most High, from all that they attribute to Him,
does not cease and has never ceased to be described with the Attribute of
Speech at all. And His Speaking and Addressing occurs by His Will and
Wish. So He Speaks if He Wishes, when He Wishes and how He Wishes with
Speech which is heard by who He Wishes. And His Speech is His Attribute
which has no limit or end.
“Say: “If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Lord,
surely, the sea would be exhausted before the Words of my
Lord would be finished, even if We brought (another sea) like
it for its aid.” (al-Kahf: 109)
“And if all the trees on the earth were pens and the sea (were
ink wherewith to write), with seven seas behind it to add to its
(supply), yet the Words of Allah would not be exhausted.”
“And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in
justice. None can change His Words. And He is the All-Hearer,
[Q. 85] Who are the Waaqifah, and what is the ruling pertaining
[A. 85] The Waaqifah are those who say regarding the Qur’aan, “We do not
say it is the Speech of Allaah, nor do we say that it is created.”
Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal said, “Whoever amongst them is well versed then
he is a Jahmee. And whoever is not well versed, then he is ignorant, and
proofs and clear evidences are established against him. If he repents and
believes that it is the Speech of Allaah, the Most High, not created, then
good. Otherwise he is worse than the Jahmiyyah.”5
[Q. 86] What is the ruling upon the one who says, “My recitation
of the Qur’aan is created.” ?
[A. 86] It is not permissible to affirm or deny such a statement, since the
term recitation denotes a meaning which is shared between “recitation”
which is an action of the slave and “the recited” which is the Qur’aan. 5 Refer of “Kitaab us-Sunnah” of Abdullah bin Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal, 1/179. SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 4 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah So if it is said the recitation is created, then it includes the second meaning
[i.e. that the recited (the Qur’aan) is also created], and this is the saying of
And if it is said that the recitation is not created then it includes the first
meaning [i.e. that the action of the slave is not created], and this is from the
innovations of the ittihaadiyyah.
And thus the Salaf us-Saaleh have said, “Whoever says my recitation of the
Qur’aan is created then he is a Jahmee, and whoever says it is not created,
then he is an innovator.” 6
[Q. 87] What is the proof for having imaan in the messengers?
[A. 87] There are many proofs from the Book and the Sunnah, amongst
them is His, the Most High’s, saying,
“Verily, those who disbelieve in Allaah and His messengers and
wish to make distinction between Allaah and His messengers
(by believing in Allaah and disbelieving in His messengers)
saying, “We believe in some but reject others”, and wish to
adopt a way in between, they are in truth disbelievers. And We
have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment. And
those who believe in Allaah and His messengers and make no
distinction between any of them (messengers), We shall give
them their rewards; and Allaah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful.” (an-Nisaa’: 150-152)
The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “I believe in Allaah and His
[Q. 88] What is the meaning of having imaan in the messengers?
[A. 88] It is the firm belief that Allaah, the Most High, sent a messenger to
every nation who called them to the worship of Allaah alone and to
disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Him. And to believe that
all of them are truthful and confirm that which came before them, pious and
rightly guided, honourable and respected, fearing Allaah and trustworthy,
guiding others and themselves guided, supported with clear proofs and
6 Refer to “Kitaab us-Sunnah” of Abdullah bin Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal, 1/164,165. Agreed upon. Reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Adab, Chapter: The saying of one
man to another man ‘Ikhsaa’ [a term of rebuke meaning: stop talking and go away with
shame and humiliation] (8/113) (Eng. Trans. No. 1354, 6173). And reported by Muslim in
Kitaab ul-Fitan, Chapter: A mention of ibn Siyaad (8/192) and it is part of a long hadeeth.
7 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 5 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah amazing verses from their Lord, and that they conveyed all that which
Allaah sent them with, and they did not hide or change or add to or delete
even a letter from it.
“Then are the messengers charged with anything but to convey
clearly the Message?” (an-Nahl: 35)
And that they were on the clear truth. And that Allaah took Ibraaheem as a
khaleel, and took Muhammad as a khaleel, and Spoke directly to Musaa, and
raised Idrees to a lofty status, and that ‘Isaa is the slave of Allaah and His
Messenger and His Word which He pronounced upon Maryam and a soul
from the souls He created. And that Allaah exalted some above others and
raised some to lofty stations.
[Q. 89] Were the calls of messengers unified and in agreement
with each other, with regard to that which they ordered and that
which they prohibited?
[A. 89] Their call, from the first to the last of them, was unified and in
agreement with regard to the foundations and principles of worship, which
is tawheed – to single out Allaah alone with all types of worship from belief,
speech and action and to disbelieve in all that is worshipped besides Him.
As for the obligatory deeds of worship, for example prayer and fasting, then
they were ordained for some but not others, and some things were
prohibited for some but were permissible for others by way of test and trial
“That He might try you, which of you is the best in deeds.”
(Surah Hud: 7)
[Q. 90] What is the proof that their calls were unified and in
agreement with each other, with regard to the foundations of
worship mentioned above?
[A. 90] The proofs for that from the Book are of two types, general and
As for the general:
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And verily, We have sent among every
nation a messenger (proclaiming), “Worship Allaah (alone),
shun the taaghut (everything worshipped besides Allaah, while
it is pleased with it.)” (an-Nahl: 36) SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 6 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah And His, the Most High’s, saying, “And We did not send any
messenger before you but We revealed to him (saying), “La
ilaaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I], so
worship Me (alone and none else) .” (al-Ambiyaa: 25)
And His, the Most High’s, saying, “And ask those of Our messengers
whom We sent before you, ‘Did We ever appoint aalihah
(deities) to be worshipped besides the Most Gracious?’ ” (azZukhruf: 45)
As for the specific:
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And indeed We sent Nuh to his
people, and he said, ‘O my people, worship Allaah, you have no
other Ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him.’ ” (al-Mu’minun:
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And to (the people of) Thamud (We
sent) their brother Saaleh. He said, ‘O my people, worship
Allaah, you have no other Ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but
Him.’ ” (al-Aa’raaf: 73)
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And to ( the people of) ‘Aad (We sent)
their brother Hud. He said, ‘O my people, worship Allaah, you
have no other Ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but Him.’ ” (alAa’raaf: 65 & Hud: 50)
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And to (the people of) Madyan, (We
sent) their brother Shu‘ayb. He said, ‘O my people, worship
Allaah, you have no other Ilaah (deity worthy of worship) but
Him.’ ” (al-Aa’raaf: 85 & Hud: 84)
His, the Most High’s, saying, “And (remember) when Ibraaheem
said to his father and his people, ‘Verily, I am innocent of what
you worship. Except Him Who created me; and verily He will
guide me.’ ” (az-Zukhruf: 26-27)
His, the Most High’s, saying, “Your Ilaah (deity worthy of worship)
is only Allaah, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be
worshipped but He), He has full knowledge of all things.” (Taa
And the Maseeh (‘Isaa ibn Maryam) said, “ ‘O Children of Israel,
worship Allaah, my Lord and your Lord.’ Verily, whosoever
sets up partners (in worship) with Allaah, then Allah has
forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode.” (alMaa’idah: 72)
SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 7 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah His, the Most High’s, saying, “Say, ‘I am only a warner and there is
no Ilaah (deity worthy of worship) except Allaah, the One, the
Irresistible.’ ” (Saad: 65)
[Q. 91] What is the proof for differences among their legislations
in matters of halaal and haraam?
[A. 91] His, the Most High’s, saying, “To each among you, We have
prescribed Shir‘ah wa Minhaaj (a law and a clear way). If
Allaah had willed, He would have made you one nation, but
that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so compete in
good deeds.” (al-Maa’idah: 48)
Ibn Abbaas (radiallaahu anhu) said, “Shir‘ah wa Minhaaj” means a path
and a clear way.” And the like of this was said by Mujaahid, ‘Ikrimah, alHasan al-Basri, Qataadah, ad-Dahhaak, as-Sadyi, and Abu Ishaaq asSuba’ee. 8
And as occurs in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, the Prophet (sallallaahualaihi
wasallam) said, “We, the prophets are paternal brothers, our deen is one.”9
Meaning at-tawheed which Allaah sent every messenger with and which He
sent in every book. But as for the legislations, they are different pertaining to
the orders and prohibitions, the permissible and prohibited, “That He
might try you, which of you is the best in deeds.” (Hud: 7)
[Q. 92] Has Allaah mentioned all the messengers in the Qur’aan?
[A.92] Allaah has mentioned to us about them that which is sufficient and
contains a lesson and admonition, then He, the Most High, said, “And
messengers We have mentioned to you before, and messengers
We have not mentioned to you.” (an-Nisaa’: 164)
So we believe in all of them in a detailed manner where detail has been given
and in a general manner where they have been mentioned generally.
[Q. 93] How many of them have been named in the Qur’aan?
Refer to the saying of Ibn Abbaas and the Imaams of tafseer in “Jami’ ul-Bayaan” of atTabaree.
8 Agreed upon. Reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Ambiyaa, Chapter: The saying of
Allaah “And mention in the Book the story of Maryam when she withdrew in
seclusion from her family.” (4/138) (Eng. Trans. No. 3443). And reported by Muslim
in Kitaab ul-Fadaail, Chapter: The virtues of ‘Isaa (alaihi salaam) (7/96).
9 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 8 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah [A. 93] Those that have been mentioned are: Adam, Nuh, Idrees, Hud,
Saaleh, Ibraaheem, Ismaa‘eel, Ishaaq, Ya’qoob, Yusuf, Lut, Shu‘ayb, Yunus,
Musaa, Haarun, Ilyaas, Zakariyyah, Yahyaa, al-Yasa’, Dhul-Kifl, Dawood,
Sulaymaan, Ayyoob, and He mentioned the Asbaat in total, ‘Isaa, and
Muhammad (sallallaahualaihi wasallam), may the peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon them all.
[Q. 94] Who are the “Ulul-‘Azam” (those of firm determination)
from amongst the messengers?
[A. 94] They are five, whom Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, has mentioned
individually in two places in His Book.
The first: in Surah al-Ahzaab. He, the Most High, said,
“And (remember) when We took from the prophets their
covenant, and from you and from Nuh, Ibraaheem, Musaa, and
the son of Maryam. We took from them a strong
covenant.” (al-Ahzaab: 7)
The second: in Surah ash-Shuraa. He, the Most High, said,
“He has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained
for Nuh, and that which We have revealed to you, and that
which We ordained for Ibraaheem, Musaa and ‘Isaa saying you
should establish the religion, and make no divisions in it.”” (ashShuraa: 13)
[Q. 94b] Who was the first messenger?
[A. 94b] The first messenger after the occurrence of disagreements and
differences (regarding the worship of Allaah alone) was Nuh (alayhis
He, the Most High, said, “Verily, We have sent the revelation to you
as We sent the revelation to Nuh and the prophets after him.”
He, the Most High, said, “The people of Nuh and the Confederates
after them denied (their messengers) before these.” (Ghaafir: 5)
[Q. 95] When did the disagreement and differing occur? SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 9 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah [A. 95] Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu anhumaa) said, “Between Nuh and Aadam
there were ten generations of people, all upon the true religion (of pure
tawheed) and then the people differed 1 0 , “And Allaah sent prophets
with glad tidings and warnings.”” (al-Baqarah: 213)
[Q. 96] Who is the last (seal) of the prophets?
[A. 96] The seal of the prophets is Muhammad (sallallaahualaihi wasallam).
[Q. 97] What is the proof for that?
[A. 97] Allaah, the Most High, said, “Muhammad is not the father of
any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last
(seal) of the prophets.” (al-Ahzaab: 40)
The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “There will come after me
thirty liars, each one of them claiming that he is a prophet, while I am
the last (seal) of the prophets and there is no prophet after me.” 1 1
And in the Saheeh, his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) saying to Alee
(radiallaahu anhu), “Are you not pleased that you should be in the same
position with relation to me as Haarun was in relation to Musaa, except
that there is no prophet after me.” 1 2
And in the hadeeth regarding ad-Dajjaal in his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam)
saying, “And I am the last (seal) of the prophets and there is no prophet
after me.” 1 3
Refer to the statement of Ibn Abbaas in “Jami’ ul-Bayaan” and “Dur al-Manthoor”
(1/582) and it is also mentioned by al-Bazzaar. It is reported by al-Haakim (2/546-547)
and he said, “This narration is saheeh according to the conditions of al-Bukhaaree, even
though he did not report it.” And adh-Dhahabee agreed with him. And Imaam al-Albaanee
mentions it in “Tahdheer us-Saajid”.
10 It is part of a hadeeth reported by at-Tirmidhee in Kitaab ul-Fitan, Chapter: The hour
will not be established until the liars emerge (no.2219). And Abu Dawood in Kitaab ulFitan, Chapter: Mention of the tribulations and their signs (no. 4252) and Ahmad (5/278).
At-Tirmidhee said the hadeeth is hasan saheeh and all of them report the hadeeth by way
of ath-Thawbaan (radiallaahu anhu). And it was authenticated by Imaam al-Albaanee
11 Reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Maghaazee, Chapter: The battle of Tabuk,
(5/129) (Eng. Trans. No. 3706, 4416). And Muslim in Kitaab Fadaail ul-Sahaabah,
Chapter: The virtues of Alee bin Abi Taalib, (7/120). And Ahmad (1/182-184, 3/32) and atTirmidhee (no. 3724, 3731).
12 Reported by at-Tirmidhee in Kitaab ul-Fitan, Chapter: The hour will not be established
until the liars emerge (4/498) (no.2219). And Abu Dawood in Kitaab ul-Malaahim,
13 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 10 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah [Q. 98] What did Allaah give only to our Prophet Muhammad
(sallallaahualaihi wasallam), and not to any of the other
[A. 98] He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) had many specific characteristics.
Amongst them is his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) being the last (seal) of the
prophets as we have mentioned.
Amongst them is his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) being chief of the Children
of Aadam as He explained in His, the Most High’s, saying “Those
messengers, We preferred some of them to others; to some of
them Allaah spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of
honour).” (al-Baqarah: 253)
He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “I am the chief of the Children of
Aadam, and that is not a boast.” 1 4
Amongst them is his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) being sent to all the
people, the jinn and the mankind. He, the Most High, said, “O mankind,
verily I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allaah.” (al-Aa’raaf:
He, the Most High, said, “And We have not sent you except as a
giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind.” (Saba’: 28)
He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “I have been given five which no one
before me was given: I have been aided by terror (in the hearts of the
enemies by which they are overwhelmed) from a distance (which one
takes) one month to cover; the whole earth has been made a masjid and
means of purification for me, so whenever and wherever the prayer comes
upon someone from my ummah them let him pray; and the war booty has
been made lawful for me and it was not permissible for anyone before me;
and I have been given the intercession; and a prophet used to be sent only
to his people, while I have been sent to all the people.” 1 5
Chapter: A mention of ibn Siyaad, (no. 4333) and Ahmad in the Musnad (5/278). AtTirmidhee said the hadeeth is hasan saheeh.
Saheeh. Reported by at-Tirmidhee in Kitaab ut-Tafseer (no. 3148) and Ibn Maajah in the
Kitaab of Shafa’ah (Intercession) (no. 4363) and Ahmad in the Musnad (3/2). And atTirmidhee said the hadeeth is hasan saheeh. It is also reported by Abu Ya’laa (7/4305) and
Ibn Hibbaan (2127) and the hadeeth was authenticated by Imaam al-Albaanee
14 Agreed upon. Reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab us-Salaat, Chapter: The whole earth
has been made a praying place and a means of purification for me (1/113) (Eng. Trans. no.
15 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 11 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “By Him in whose Hand is my soul,
there is no one from this ummah, Jew or a Christian, who hears about me
then dies without believing in what I have been sent with, except that he
enters the Fire.” 1 6
[Q. 99] What are the miracles of the prophets?
[A. 99] Miracles are unusual occurrences, attached with a challenge which
cannot be defeated. They can either be perceptible, witnessed by the sight
and hearing, such as the she-camel coming out from the rock, the
transformation of the staff into a snake, and the speech of inanimate objects,
Or they can be miracles in meaning perceived by insight, such as the miracle
of the Qur’aan. And our Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) had been given
all of that. And there is no miracle that was given to a prophet except that he
(sallallaahualaihi wasallam) was granted greater than it. So amongst the
perceptible miracles were the splitting of the moon1 7 , the crying of the datepalm trunk 1 8 , the flowing of water between his noble fingers 1 9 , speaking of
438, 3122). And reported by Muslim in Kitaab ul-Masaajid and the places of prayer, the
first chapter (2/63).
Reported by Muslim in Kitaab ul-Imaan, Chapter: The obligation to believe in the
messengership of our Prophet Muhammad to all the people (1/93). And reported by
Ahmad in the Musnad (2/317).
16 The event of the splitting of the moon is reported by al-Bukhaaree in the tafseer of Surah
“The Hour has approached” (6/52). And by Muslim in Kitaab Sifaat ul-Munaafiqeen
(the attributes of the hypocrites), Chapter: The splitting of the moon, no. 2802 and both
narrations are from the hadeeth of Anas bin Maalik (radiallaahu anhu), “That the people
of Makkah asked the Messenger of Allaah to show them a sign, so he showed them the
splitting of the moon.”
17 The story of the crying date-palm trunk is reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ulManaaqib, Chapter: The signs of prophethood in Islaam (4/173). And an-Nasaaee in
Kitaab ul-Jumu’ah, Chapter: The standing of the imaam during the khutbah (no. 1396)
and both of them are reported from the hadeeth of Jaabir bin Abdullaah (radiallaahu
anhumaa) who said, “There used to be a date-palm trunk at the front of the masjid of the
Prophet, which he used to stand next to during his khutbah. So when the pulpit was set up
we heard the date-palm trunk crying like a child until the Prophet came down and placed
his hand on it.” And in another narration, “Until the Prophet came down and embraced it
while it continued to moan like a child being quietened until it becomes silent after it is
18 The story of the flowing of water between his (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) noble fingers
is reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Manaaqib ((Eng. Trans. no. 3567), Chapter: The
signs of Prophethood in Islaam (4/169). And by Muslim in Kitaab ul-Fadaail, Chapter:
Regarding the miracles of the Prophets (no. 2279) and both of them are from the hadeeth
19 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 12 A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah the (poisoned) lamb 2 0 , and the glorification by the food 2 1 and other miracles
which have been narrated in numerous authentic reports. And like the
miracles of the other prophets, they ended with the prophets period of time
ended and only their mention remains, except the everlasting miracles of
this Qur’aan, which do not come to an end and, “Falsehood cannot come
to it from before it or behind it. (it is) sent down by the All-Wise,
worthy of all Praise.” (Fussilat: 42) of Jaabir bin ‘Abdullaah, “The people became thirsty on the day of Hudaybiyyah and the
Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) had in front of him a pot, so he made wudu from it
and the people rushed towards him. Then the Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said,
“What is the matter with you?” The people said, “O Messenger of Allaah, we do not have
any water to drink or to make wudu except from that which is in your pot.” So the Prophet
(sallallaahualaihi wasallam) placed his hand in the pot and made water to flow between
his fingers like springs, so we drank and made wudu.” So I (Saalim bin Abi al-Ja’d, the
sub-narrator) said to Jaabir, “How many were you on that day?” He said, “If we were a
hundred thousand it would have been enough for us but we were fifteen hundred.” And
this is the wording of al-Bukhaaree.
The occurrence of the speaking of the poisoned lamb which was given to the Prophet
(sallallaahualaihi wasallam) as a gift by a Jewess from the people of Khaibar is reported by
al-Bukhaaree, Muslim and Abu Dawood. The narration of Abu Dawood contains the
saying of the Jewess after the Prophet called her and she asked him about who informed
him, he (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, “This shoulder of lamb that is in my hand
informed me…” Refer to al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Hibah (Gifts), Chapter: The acceptance
of gifts from the mushrikeen (2/141) and Muslim in Kitaab us-Salaam, Chapter: Poison
(no. 2190) and Abu Dawood in Kitaab ud-Diyaat (no. 4510)
20 The miracles of the speaking of the food is reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ulManaaqib, Chapter: The signs of Prophethood in al-Islaam (4/171) and at-Tirmidhee in
Kitaab ul-Maanqib, Chapter 14, (no. 3637) and both report from the hadeeth of Abdullaah
bin Masood (radiallaahu anhu) which is a long hadeeth containing “And I saw water
flowing from between the fingers of the Messenger (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) and we
used to hear the tasbeeh of the food while he was eating it.”
21 SCL110005 @ WWW.SALAFIPUBLICATIONS.COM 13 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course REL 101 taught by Professor Professorsunni during the Spring '12 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '12