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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Guided Reading The Study of Body Function I 1...

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Guided Reading – The Study of Body Function I 1. Blood plasma and interstitial fluid are separated from each other and there is little communication and exchange between these fluids. True False 2. The secretion of many hormones is regulated through negative feedback inhibition. True False 3. _______________ glands secrete chemicals through a duct that leads to the outside of a membrane. A. Endocrine B. Exocrine 4. Endocrine glands secrete ____________ in response to specific stimuli. A. enzymes B. hormones C. water D. mucus 5. Neuroglial cells are supporting cells present in the A. brain. B. spinal cord. C. effector organs. D. Both the brain and spinal cord. 6. ____________ and ____________ are often regulators of effectors in most feedback loops. A. Enzymes, neurotransmitters B. Hormones, neurotransmitters C. Nerves, enzymes D. Hormones, nerves E. Enzymes, hormones 7. ____________ trials maximize the number of test participants and include human participants of both sexes, different ethnic groups, and those who have health problems besides the one that the drug is designed to treat. A. Phase I clinical B. Phase II clinical C. Phase III clinical D. Phase IV clinical 8. The ____________ is the protein and polysaccharide layer attaching an epithelial tissue to the underlying connective tissue. A. goblet cell B. epidermis C. basement membrane D. plasma membrane 9. Tissues are groups of cells that have similar functions. True False
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10. The study of how disease or injury alters physiological processes is termed A. comparative physiology. B. the scientific method. C. pathophysiology. D. anatomy. 11. The highly branched extensions of a neuron whose function is to receive input from other neurons or receptor cells are called A. dendrites. B. axons. C. cell bodies. D. glia. 12. Specialized unicellular glands found in columnar and pseudostratified columnar epithelium that secrete mucus are A. cilia. B. keratin. C. transitional cells. D. goblet cells. 13. By affecting the diameter of cutaneous blood vessels, motor nerve fibers in the skin can regulate the rate of blood flow. True False 14. A single layer of irregularly shaped epithelial cells found lining the respiratory tract is called A. simple columnar epithelium. B. stratified cuboidal epithelium. C. pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. D. transitional epithelium. 15. Which of the following is NOT one of the three main parts of a neuron? A. dendrites B. cell body C. neurofibrils D. axon 16. Which of the following is NOT part of a phase I clinical trial? A. testing on the target human population
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Chapter 1 - Guided Reading The Study of Body Function I 1...

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