Cardiac Output

Cardiac Output - Guided Reading - Cardiac Output, Blood...

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Guided Reading - Cardiac Output, Blood Flow, and Blood Pressure I 1. The type of shock resulting from lipopolysaccharides is termed A. hypovolemic shock. B. cardiogenic shock. C. septic shock. D. neurogenic shock. 2. Hypotension could be induced by A. excessive renin secretion. B. excessive antidiuretic hormone secretion. C. excessive aldosterone secretion. D. excessive atrial natriuretic factor secretion. 3. Which type of muscle has the greatest capillary density? A. skeletal B. smooth C. cardiac 4. Since veins can distend more with pressure, they are called _____ vessels. A. resistance B. stretchy. C. capacitance. D. Both resistance and stretchy are correct. 5. An adult with a blood pressure of 130/95 would have mild hypertension. True False 6. The mean arterial pressure of a person with a blood pressure of 128/68 would be A. 20. B. 60. C. 68. D. 88. 7. The sounds heard during the last phase of blood-pressure measurement are A. murmurs. B. snapping sounds. C. silence. D. thumping sounds. 8. Left side heart failure may be caused by A. myocardial infarction. B. aortic valve stenosis. C. incompetent aortic and mitral valves. D. All of the choices are correct. 9. Shock is characterized by hypotension. True False
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+ concentrations. True False 11. If cardiac output increases, the peripheral resistance must _____ for arterial blood pressure to remain constant. A. increase B. decrease C. no change 12. For blood to flow, there must be a pressure difference in different parts of the vascular system. True False 13. Increased blood pressure stimulates A. decreased outflow from the baroreceptors. B. decreased sympathetic outflow to the heart. C. decreased parasympathetic outflow to the heart. D. postural hypotension. 14. What is the main force that causes fluids to enter the venous end of a capillary? A. hydrostatic pressure in the capillary B. hydrostatic force in the interstitial fluid C. colloid osmotic pressure in the capillary (blood plasma) D. colloid osmotic pressure in the interstitial fluid 15. Hypertension can be treated by all of the following EXCEPT A. ACE inhibitors. B. calcium channel blockers. C. diuretics. D. sympathetic agonists. 16. Cardiac output would be increased by A. sympathetic antagonists. B. parasympathetic agonists. C. negative inotropic agents. D. positive chronotropic agents. 17. The ejection fraction is A. normally about 60% at rest. B. the ratio of end diastolic volume to end systolic volume. C. increased by parasympathetic agonists. D. decreased by sympathetic agonists. 18. Nitroglycerine causes vasodilation of blood vessels due to its effects on levels of A. histamine. B. bradykinin.
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Cardiac Output - Guided Reading - Cardiac Output, Blood...

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