mental illness week 1 assignment

mental illness week 1 assignment - Prehistoric times There...

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Prehistoric times There is limited evidence by which to judge the existence or nature of mental disorder prior to written records. Evolutionary psychology suggests that some of the underlying genetic dispositions, psychological mechanisms and social demands were present, although some disorders may have developed from a mismatch between ancestral environments and modern conditions. Some related behavioral abnormalities have been found in non-human great apes . There is evidence from Neolithic times of the practice of trepanation (cutting large holes into the skull), possibly as an attempt to cure ailments which may have included mental disorders. Egyptian and Mesopotamian Limited notes in an ancient Egypt ian document known as the Ebers papyrus appear to describe disordered states of concentration and attention , and emotional distress in the heart or mind. Some of these have been interpreted as indicating what would later be termed hysteria and melancholy. Somatic treatments typically included applying bodily fluids while reciting magical spells . Hallucinogens may have been used as part of healing rituals. Religious temples may have been used as therapeutic retreats, possibly for the induction of receptive states to facilitate sleep and the interpreting of dream s. Indian Ancient Hindu scriptures known as Ramayana and Mahabharata contain fictional descriptions of depression and anxiety states. Mental disorders were generally thought to reflect abstract metaphysical entities, supernatural agents, sorcery or witchcraft. A work known as the Charaka Samhita from circa 600 BC, part of the Hindu Ayurveda ("knowledge of life"), saw ill health as resulting from an imbalance among three kinds of bodily fluids or forces called ( Dosha ). Different personality types were also described, with different propensities to worries or difficulties. Suggested causes included inappropriate diet; disrespect towards the gods, teachers or others; mental shock due to excessive fear or joy; and faulty bodily activity. Treatments included the use of herbs and ointments, charms and prayers, moral or emotional persuasion, and shocking the person. Chinese
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Mental disorders were treated mainly under Traditional Chinese Medicine by herbs, acupuncture or "emotional therapy". The Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor described symptoms, mechanisms and therapies for mental illness, emphasizing connections between bodily organs and emotions. Conditions were thought to comprise five stages or elements and imbalance between Yin and yang . Hebrew and Israelite The concept of a single God , as gradually articulated in Judaism , led to the view that mental disorder was not a problem like any other, caused by one of the gods, but rather caused by problems in the relationship between the individual and God. Passages of the Hebrew Bible / Old Testament have been interpreted as describing mood disorders in figures such as Job, King Saul and in the psalms of David. Greek and Roman
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course BEH 225 225 taught by Professor Revashrivastava during the Winter '12 term at University of Phoenix.

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mental illness week 1 assignment - Prehistoric times There...

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