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beh225_appendix_c - Appendix C BEH/225 Version 4 1...

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Appendix C BEH/225 Version 4 1 Associate Level Material Appendix C Brain Response of Behavior Part I
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Appendix C BEH/225 Version 4 2 Note: Parts II and III follow below, complete all three. Write a 350- to 700-word response to the following: Explain the communication process of neurons in the brain. List some common neurotransmitters and describe their effect on behavior. The nervous systems most significant cell types are Glial and Nerve cells. Neurons are nerve cells that are known as the nervous system’s basic building blocks. There are 10 glial cells for every one Neuron. Glial cells main job is to aid Neurons in various activities. Neurons are part of the nervous system in many different sizes and shapes. Neurons basic function is to communicate. Neurons transmit and receive messages from electrochemical impulses from all over the body. Three types of Neurons are Motor Neurons, Sensory Neurons, and Interneurons. Based on the body part a neuron comes from is how they are categorized. For example, there are three different Neuron types involved if we are to put our hand over an open flame. These Neurons help us to move our hand from the heat. Due to the pain, a Sensory Neuron is activated. The Sensory Neurons from the spinal cord signal the Interneurons. The Interneurons then signals the Motor Neurons triggering contraction of muscles to move our hand. Transmitting signals from Neuron to Neuron is done by Neurotransmitters. When the Neurons trigger messages the terminal buttons discharge Neurotransmitters. The Dendrites of Neurons near are notified from the Neurotransmitters. Once the message is received as it should be by the Neurons they go through the Action Potential. The Action Potential is a rapid electrical change. Once the message has been sent to the Action Potential it goes through the Axon and onto the terminal buttons. The result is Neurotransmitters discharge and transmit the message to Neurons nearby.
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