Video Test_On the Trails of World Religions - Hinduism.docx...

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1. A joyful religion, celebrating the festival of Holi under a springtime full moon. In the Hindu calendar, it's the festival that marks the final end of the __________ harvest season. winter 2. At Vrindavan in northern India, Holi is celebrated in a special way, in honor of Krishna, an incarnation of Vishnu. For Indians, Krishna represents the ideal of true ______________. humanity 3. Krishna was a beautiful youth, and his looks and flute playing won over the Gopis, the girls who tended the herds, foremost among them his beloved Radha. When Krishna ___________, however, he becomes many and so can give his attentions to all of his delightful companions. Krishna is one of the best-loved gods of the Hindus. dances 4. Of the billion Indians living around the world, more than 900 million are in India, and some ________ percent of them are Hindus. 80 5. The Indians themselves describe their religion as eternal order. This is the sanatana dharma of Sanskrit, the ancient classical language of India, and a phrase that Mahatma Gandhi used frequently. This central concept of dharma governs everything. It signifies order, law, and duty. Not law and order in our legal sense, but an all- embracing _____________order which all must observe, and that means every human being, whatever caste or class they belong to. cosmic 6. The emphasis in Hinduism is not primarily on tenets of faith, on dogma, or on orthodox belief. Hinduism has no __________________ teachers. doctrinal 7. Everything in the cosmos has its dharma, or order-- gods and men, animals and plants-- even the rivers and streams have their _____________. destiny 8. Haridwara, the gateway of Hari, is another name for the god ____________, who reputedly left a footprint here. What are these people doing in the river? It's not for hygienic reasons that they enter the water, but out of a sense of ritual obligation. Vishnu 9. A great civilization already existed on the Ganges in the first millennium BC. But the very earliest great Indian civilization was that of Harappa in the ____________ Valley, the antecedents of which dated back to the seventh millennium BC. Indus 10. What followed the fall of that earliest Indian civilization, from around 1700 to 1200 BC, was the incursion of peoples originally nomadic, probably from southern central Asia. They were part of the Indo-European family of languages, and called themselves the Arya, "the noble ones." These __________ not only moved into the Indus Valley, they also settled in the upper and lower Ganges valley over succession of periods. Aryans 11. Few societies are as thoroughly structured as Indian society. Every person in the street could say exactly what his or her place in society is. It's chiefly determined by ____________. caste 12. As in Europe in times gone by, people in India still do their best to marry according to their station, within their caste. They even __________ only with their equals. eat 13. As far back as the oldest of the Indian scriptures, the Rig-Veda, the hierarchical caste system was given a religious rationale. The universe was created out of _____________, the primeval embodied spirit and original source of life. Purusha 14. In the course of time, a rigorous notion of ritual purity was established. It meant that physical contact with lower

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