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NTR 108 C Exam 2 Review – FALL 2018Module V: Protein Amino acid structureProtein structure & functionsHormones – What are they? What do they do? Denaturation Protein digestion & absorption Amino acid metabolism – transamination and deaminationProtein energy malnutrition – Kwashiorkor and Marasmus Protein quality & food combination – i.e. complete vs incomplete proteins *know examples*Vegetarianism and Veganism - diet, pros vs cons, deficiencies Protein supplements – When & who may need them? Are they needed to enhance muscle mass?Module VI: Energy Metabolism1.Anaerobic vs aerobic metabolism3.ATP – How is it produced? What is it used for?
4.Coenzymes – What are they? What do they do?
•Dementia and amnesia (heavy alcohol consumption)Thiamin produces the co-enzyme TPP involved in carbohydrate metabolism•Alcoholics (Wernike-Korsakoff syndrome): chronic alcohol abuse•Individuals who consume polished rice as main food•Individuals with malabsorption (i.e. AIDS, cystic fibrosis)•Good sources include whole grains,enriched flour, pork, green vegetables (peas, okra, asparagus), wheat germ Riboflavin(B2)•Water soluble vitamin (B2)•Coenzyme in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats•Deficiency is known as ariboflavinos•Deficiency sign/symptoms include: fatigue, weakness, irritated patches of skin, dry lips and cracks at corner of mouth, inflammation and ulcers of the mucous membranes of the mouth andthroat, anemia, changes in the cornea•Severe deficiency can impair metabolism of niacin and vit B6•Alcoholics, individuals with liver disease, and diabetics may be at risk of riboflavin deficiency•No known toxicity•