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OB12_TIF06 - Chapter 6 Basic Motivation Concepts MULTIPLE...

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Chapter 6 Basic Motivation Concepts MULTIPLE CHOICE Defining Motivation 1. Jim is a student who cannot work at writing a paper for more than 30 minutes, yet he can spend many hours writing comments on blogs. What accounts for the change in motivation in this case? a. his ability b. the situation. c. his personality d. the congruence e. the structure of the task (b; Moderate; p. 186) 2. Motivation is best defined as a process that _____. a. results in a level of effort b. intensifies an individual’s efforts c. accounts for an individual’s efforts toward attaining a goal d. meets an individual’s needs e. stabilizes over time (c; Moderate; p. 186) 3. What are the three key elements of motivation? (e; Moderate; p. 186) Early Theories of Motivation 4. In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, what is the term used for the drive to become what one is capable of becoming? (b; Easy; p. 187) 5. The most well-known theory of motivation is Abraham Maslow’s _____. (b; Easy; p. 187) 6. Maslow’s hierarchy has five levels of needs. Which of the following is not one of those levels? a. safety needs b. social needs c. animal needs 110
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d. self-actualization needs e. physiological needs (c; Moderate; p. 187) 7. Which level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs deals with satisfying one’s hunger, thirst, and need for sex? (b; Moderate; p. 187) 8. Danielle wants to become a surgeon, not only because achieving this goal will give her self- respect and autonomy, but also because she wants a job with high status and recognition from others. Which of Maslow’s needs is Danielle trying to fill? (c; Challenging; p. 187) 9. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs arranges those needs in which of the following orders? (b; Moderate; p. 187)
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