week 3 - Liz Brooks WEEK 3 Q What were the primary concerns...

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Liz Brooks oct 11 2011 WEEK 3 Q: What were the primary concerns and views of U.S. sociologists before the Chicago School of So- ciology? I. Late 19th early 20th century Race concept A. Before the turn of the century many sociologists and scientists had various racial theories.  Many of their arguments claimed that race was based on physical characteristics. Natural  causes explained the racial hierarchal concept of race. Biological racial theory was still a  present racial concept/ B. 1. Darwin’s theory of evolution and natural selection  2. led people to believe that blacks would eventually assimilate to the dominant race.  3. a racist ideology was still upheld because very few believed blacks could rise to equal- ity. 4. People thought that those of a superior race had more developed brains than that of  those of an inferior race.  5. White race was dominant because of natural selection; traits of the dominant race were  inherited.  C. Problem with these claims: 1. Failed to see reasoning behind why certain races were seen as inferior opposed to  those seen superior. 2. African Americans not always given same opportunities due to negative social implica- tions.Often coming from negative social backgrounds: lack of education, poor neigh- borhood, etc. II.20th Century Theories  A. Eugenics 1. science of encouraging dominant/superior offspring.  2. Aimed to take Darwin’s ideas and apply them to human society in attempt to obtain  welfare of population.  3. Progression of white race and a gradual diminishment of african or mixed race. Domin- ant traits would be inherited increasing the superior race. Immigrants would eventually  die off. 4.
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week 3 - Liz Brooks WEEK 3 Q What were the primary concerns...

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