Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - CHAPTER 11: Government-a formal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 11: Government -a formal organization that has the authority to make and enforce laws p. 197 Politics -social process through which individuals and groups acquire and exercise power p.198 Power -the ability of a person or group to affect the behavior of others p.198 Authority -the legitimate use of power p 199 ( traditional -based on customs that justify the position of the ruler ex. Tribes/clans/kings/emperors, charismatic - power based on exceptional individual abilities that inspire devotion trust and obedience ex. Hitler/FidelCastro/dictatiors, rational-legal - power based on the belief that laws and appointed or elected political leaders are legitimate, mixed - Weber’s idea political leaders can wield power and authority in many ways, use both types of authority) Types of Political Systems: Democracy -citizens have control over the state and its actions; Totalitarianism - government controls every aspect of peoples lives; authoritarianism - the state controls the lives of citizens but permits some degree of individual freedom; monarchy - oldest type of authoritarian regime where power is allocated solely on heredity generation to generation, monarchs power is legitimized by religion p. 200 Political Party -organization that tries to influence and control gov. by recruiting nominating electing members to public office 2.03 Special-Interest Group -voluntary/organized association of people that influence public policy and policy makers on particular issues p. 204 Lobbyist -representative of a special-interest group who tries to influence political decisions on the group’s behalf p. 205 Political Action Committee (PAC)- group that raises money to elect one or more candidates to public office p. 206 Pluralism -pluralist idea that people rule through this system in which power is distributed among a variety of competing groups in a society p.210 Power Elite -conflict theorist idea that US is ruled by a small group of influential people who make the nations major political decisions p. 212 Functionalist Theorist believe the People have Political Power, that the power is distributed very broadly, no group dominates politics, and the leaders speak for the majority of the people; Conflict Theorist believe Rich upper-class people (top levels in business, government, and military) have Political Power, the power is distributed vary narrowly, wealthy people in gov. business coorps. the military and media is the source of political power, believe one group dominates politics, the leaders don’t represent the average person but the leaders are most concerned with keeping or increasing their personal wealth and power; Feminist Theorist believe white men in Western countries/most men in traditional societies have Political Power, power is distributed vary narrowly, the source of political power is being white male and very rich, one group dominates politics, political leaders do not represent the average person the leaders (white elite men) are most concerned with protecting or increasing their
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Exam 3 Study Guide - CHAPTER 11: Government-a formal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online