com dis study guide #3

com dis study guide #3 - 21:53 Definitions of language: a...

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Unformatted text preview: 21:53 Definitions of language: a systematic means of communication ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, and gestures, or marks having understood meaning-websters dictionary o symbols of communication can take different forms a process by sharing experience till it becomes a common possession. It modifies the disposition of both parties who partake in it John Dewey cognitive/emotional Stages of language development- just as child learns to crawl before he or she learns to walk, a child learns the form, content, and use of language in developmental sequence 0-12 months: early reflexive (learn about own capacity to produce sounds) o cries, sneezes, grunts, squeals o early association of sound with vocalizations later intentional vocal play and imitations (raspberries) cooing- beginning vowels, turn-taking (motheresse- way mother talks to child) canonical babble (repetitive bababa), variegated babble (varied, badapa- sound varies from one to the next) and jargon (intonation, badapa, = prosity) making sounds that sound like language intentional communication gestures- reaching= I want, open arms= pick me up first word comes as gesture Video Phonology: yes, has (some) sounds Morphology: no, correct morpheme combinations Syntax: no sentences Semantics: no meaning Pragmatics: appropriate, but limited (eye contact, gestures) Lexicon: no words Affect: has message and some understand 12-24 months first year o uses first meaningful word (very simple) o understands simply commands- wheres doggy? second year vocabulary spurt- approx. 150-300 words (begin to see connection between words and objects) naming insight- link between words and objects meaningful word combinations- My Book- may not be grammatically correct but have meaning about 66% of speech is intelligible video Phonology: many right sound combos, ove-love Morphology: few or no correct morpheme combos Syntax: simple sentences (I love you) Semantics: some word meanings Pragmatics: some inappropriate gestures (kissing the phone) Lexicon: some words Affect: has message and understand 2-3 years uses pronouns (I, you, me) correctly uses a few prepositions correctly (usually in, on and under) over generalizations- errors demonstrating the learning of language rules (I eated it) begin to lean rules has a vocabulary of 900-1000 words about 90% of speech is intelligible video: phonology: mostly right sound combos morphology: over generalizations (me ponytail) syntax: complete sentences semantics: many word meanings pragmatics: sometimes tangenial (ponytail-poem) lexicon: many words, vocab spurt...
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2012 for the course COM DISC 110 taught by Professor Lufti during the Fall '10 term at Wisconsin.

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com dis study guide #3 - 21:53 Definitions of language: a...

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