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Unformatted text preview: Mona Shen Hadden -1 April 27 th , 2010 Civil Rights Movement Study Guide 1. Plessey v. Ferguson: a. 1896 ruled separate but equal idea --> allowed segregation of black and whites incl. schools 2. Thurgood Marshall: a. American civil rights lawyer of the Brown v. Board victory --> first black justice on the Supreme Court 3. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka: a. In a 9-0 vote, the separate but equal doctrine was abandoned --> racial segregation declared unconstitutional 4. Little Rock 9 a. 1st group of black students who were able to attend an all white school because President Eisenhower used the military to enforce the Brown v. Board of Education decision 5. Martin Luther King, Jr. a. founded SCLC ---> spokesperson for the Montgomery bus boycott --> peaceful protest 6. SCLC: a. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference which was a group that coordinated non-violent civil rights protests across the South; founded by MLK 7. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) a. A radical group advocating black; helped blacks register to vote; Led by Stokely Carmichael --> scornful of integration and interracial cooperation --> broke with Mona Shen Hadden -1 April 27 th , 2010 MLK Jr. to advocate greater militancy and acts of violence --> wanted immediate change 8. Sit-in a. Tactic of peaceful protest used during civil rights movement where people sit in segregated business and refuse to leave 9. Boycott: a. To sustain from buying or using something as a protest until a goal is achieved 10. Demonstration: a. Public way of showing opinion against an issue 11. Selma to Montgomery March a. King leads 54-mile march to support black voter registration --> Despite attacks from police and interference from Gov. Wallace, marchers reach Montgomery --> Pres. Johnson addresses nation in support of marchers --> Voting Rights Act '65 12. March on Washington a. held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress....
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course GEN 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '12 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.
- Spring '12