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Final Evolution Paper

Final Evolution Paper - Stein 1 Ashley Stein English 103 Ms...

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Stein 1 Ashley Stein English 103 Ms. Carlson January 4, 2006 In Defense of Evolution "The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science.” Albert Einstein, one of the greatest scientists of all time, characterizes the curiosity of man beautifully. And what better to provoke the curiosity of man with what is probably the biggest mystery of all time, where did all this life around us come from? From the single-celled organisms called prokaryotes to the human being, this universe if teeming with questions, questions that scientists and people all over the world have not yet been able to answer. All great mysteries have two sides that challenge each other, and in the battle of evolution against Creation, evolution is undoubtedly the clear winner, with very significant biological, physical, and scientific evidence supporting it. To be able to understand this argument, it is important to understand the concepts behind each side and what they believe in. Despite someone’s beliefs, whether it is for or against evolution, most people have heard of Charles Darwin. In 1831, Charles Darwin set off on an expedition aboard the HMS Beagle, and in the course of his travels he landed upon the Galapagos Islands, where he studied many different plants and animals, noticing subtle differences even though they were of similar type. When Darwin returned to London, he did further research using his findings and thus started his theory of evolution. He started with a theory called “descent with modification,” which later
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Stein 2 turned into evolution (Freeman 56). He saw that the plants and animals had evolved, the change was more gradual than rapid, and that it had required millions of years to do so (“Introduction to Evolutionary Biology”). Darwin found that the main mechanism of evolution was something he called natural selection. Natural selection essentially means that in a particular environment, the individuals with characteristics that are more favorable to survival will survive, and the ones who do not have these characteristics will die out. This theory helped Darwin explain why there had been thirteen different species of finches occupying areas of the Galapagos Islands, and he wrote most of his theories in a book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection . Thomas Huxley tried to spread a lot of Darwin’s theories, some calling him “Darwin’s bloody-fanged bulldog” because of his harsh tactics. Even though the theory of evolution was a new concept and people were hesitant to believe them, they kept working and eventually all of their missing links would fall into place (Pugliucci 8). However, all great theories do not go unchallenged. The most prevailing argument against evolution is a theory called Creation. Creation advocates believe that the creatures of the earth were products of a Divine Creator, who made many different species of plants and animals. It is believed that all the creatures are essentially constant in its characteristics and that they have the inability to cross-breed (Zetterberg 116).
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