us history 3.1 notes

us history 3.1 notes - • Lincoln in fear of MD seceding...

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Mona Shen 1 U.S. History 3.1 Civil War Begins John Brown and Harper’s Ferry o ELECTION OF 1860 S. Democrats wants to uphold Dred Scott decision for slaveholders’ rights N. Democrats led by Stephen Douglas pres. Nominee 1860 can’t be decided w/o 2/3 majority N. Democrats choose Douglas as nominee S. Democrats choose Breckinridge New Const. Union Party (neutral) choose John Bell Republicans nominate Abraham Lincoln , doesn’t support slavery, but allows it to remain within South Lincoln wins election 1860 South feels threatened by Northerner pres. South Carolina first to secede o COMPROMISE FAILS Senator Crittenden offers compromise through Crittenden’s Compromise: slavery stays where it already exists; no slavery north of the line Lincoln votes it down Feb. 1861 – Confederacy formed w/their new Cons. w/o tariffs Jefferson Davis = pres. o C.W. BEGINS Civil War begins at Fort Summter o ECONOMIES
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Unformatted text preview: • Lincoln, in fear of MD seceding, declares martial law in Baltimore Mona Shen 2 • South had better experienced military officers • North’s advantages: o strong naval traditions o Larger popu. (22 mill.) for larger army o 90% of factories ammo o More railroad for supply line o Supply of cash • Legal Tender Act passed to raise money for North; national paper money currency created • North = 80% inflation • South = 9000% inflation! • Democrats oppose conscription o POLITICAL SITUATION • Lincoln suspends Habeas Corpus to directly jail those opposed to Union • G.B. & Fr. Decide to not support South even w/their dependency on cotton o 1 ST MODERN WAR • Better bullet trench warfare attrition used to wear down other side • South took offensive more casualties • Gen. Scott suggested Anaconda Plan by dividing South and chocking supply lines to surrender Lincoln agrees on implement, or blockade S. ports...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course GEN 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '12 term at Purdue.

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us history 3.1 notes - • Lincoln in fear of MD seceding...

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