Lecture 7 - Lecture 7 Substantive Criminal Law Part II...

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Lecture 7 15:26 Substantive Criminal Law Part II Defenses I. Introduction A. Defense is a factor that 1. Justifies an act or (justification pertains to the action itself) 2. Excuses the actor (excuse pertains to the person acting) B. defense consists of evidence of an excuse or justification to show that the defendant  cannot be held liable C. Most common defenses 1. Alibi (Factual)   means they were somewhere else when the crime was committed 2. Affirmative Defenses (normative): a. Defendant should not be found guilty because of extenuating circumstances (self- defense, mental issues) b. Two types: justification  or excuse c. Diminish responsibility d. Many negate mens rea -cannibalism on the life boat  excuse or justification? EXCUSE…they were hungry and dying and this is why they did it 3. Burden of Proof: When defendant offers a defense, state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that  facts supporting defense do not exist A. Self-Defense 1. Level of threat: imminent death or great bodily harm State has monopoly of violence (can arrest, try and ultimately give death penalty)  we  don’t take the law into our own hands, the state handles it 
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 131 taught by Professor Grunewald during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 7 - Lecture 7 Substantive Criminal Law Part II...

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