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Unformatted text preview: 1 Autism Definition Abnormal or impaired development prior to age 3 that involves (1) delays or abnormal functioning in social interaction , (2) deficits in language and communication , and (3) restricted interests/repetitive behaviors A spectrum of disorders Qualitative impairment in social interaction (at least two areas) Markedly impaired nonverbal behaviors (e.g., gaze, postures, gestures) Lack of social or emotional reciprocity Failure to engage others in enjoyments and interests Failure to establish appropriate peer relationships Delay or absence of spoken language not accompanied by an attempt to compensate with other forms of communication Marked impairment in the ability to initiate and sustain conversation when speech is present Stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language Lack of varied and appropriate imitative or pretend play Qualitative impairment in communication (at least one area) Insistence on sameness; inflexible...
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- Fall '08