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Unformatted text preview: Language Review 02:48 Language Structure- Fourakis-Language: A system of communicating with other people using sounds, symbols and words in expressing meaning, emotion, idea or thought-Phonology : rules for what sounds are in the language and how they can be combined to make meaning -Morphology: rules of word formation-Syntax: rules for putting words together to form sentences-Semantics: rules for word meanings-Pragmatics : social rules for conversations-Lexicon : stored information on the sounds and meanings of words-Motherese : term used to describe the way in which a mother will communicate with their child Language Development 0-3 Months: Reflexive cries, grunts, sneezes Cooing without goal beginning vowels Turn-taking established by mothers response to cooing 3-8 Months: Non-speech sounds squealing, growling, yelling, raspberries Canonical Babble speech-like sounds; consonant-vowel combos (bababa) Verbal imitation 8-12 Months: Intentional Communication Conventional Gestures Variegated Babble badaga, without intonation Jargon includes intonation 1 year: single words 2 years: vocabulary spurt naming insight link between words and objects 2-3 rd year: complex sentences-Critical period for language: birth-6 years-Morpheme: smallest meaningful unit ex: walked has 2 morphemes-Overgeneralization: errors demonstrating the learning of language rules ex: I eated it-Nature vs. Nurture debate: biological basis for language development vs. impact of input from environment Biological theory : discontinuity between babble and speech Learning theory: babbling is precursor to speech Language Learning Disabilities-Learning Disability: a group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction, and often occurs across the life span....
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- Fall '08