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Language Review - Language Review Language Structure...

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Language Review 02:48 Language Structure- Fourakis -Language:  A system of communicating with other people using sounds, symbols and  words in expressing meaning, emotion, idea or thought -Phonology : rules for what sounds are in the language and how they can be combined  to make meaning  -Morphology:  rules of word formation -Syntax:  rules for putting words together to form sentences -Semantics:  rules for word meanings -Pragmatics : social rules for conversations -Lexicon : stored information on the sounds and meanings of words -Motherese : term used to describe the way in which a mother will communicate with  their child Language Development 0-3 Months:  Reflexive  cries, grunts, sneezes Cooing without goal  beginning vowels Turn-taking  established by mother’s response to cooing 3-8 Months: Non-speech sounds  squealing, growling, yelling, raspberries Canonical Babble  speech-like sounds; consonant-vowel combos (bababa) Verbal imitation 8-12 Months:
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Intentional Communication Conventional Gestures Variegated Babble  badaga, without intonation Jargon  includes intonation 1 year: single words 2 years: vocabulary spurt  naming insight link between words and objects 2-3 rd  year: complex sentences -Critical period for language:  birth-6 years -Morpheme:  smallest meaningful unit ex: walked has 2 morphemes -Overgeneralization:  errors demonstrating the learning of language rules ex: I eated it -Nature vs. Nurture debate: biological basis for language development vs. impact of  input from environment Biological theory : discontinuity between babble and speech Learning theory:  babbling is precursor to speech Language Learning Disabilities -Learning Disability:  a group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the  acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical  abilities. These disorders are  intrinsic  to the individual, presumed to be due to central  nervous system dysfunction, and often occurs across the life span.
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