Lecture 4-stuttering - COM DIS 110 Speech Disfluency...

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COM DIS 110 Fluency disorders Dilara Tepeli M.A. Speech Disfluency z Definition of speech disfluency ± A speech disfluency is defined as an interruption or blockage that impairs the normal “rhythm” of speech. z Speech disfluencies occur in toddlerhood ± These are regarded as normal. ± They typically coincide with dramatical changes in language skills. z Normal disfluencies in adults ± Hesitations, Interjections (“uh” or “er”) ± Revisions (“I was. ..I am going”) Abnormal Disfluencies 1/2 z Core symptoms of abnormal disfluencies ± Part-word repetition (sounds or syllables) ± Word repetition ± Phrase repetition (“I was, I was going”) ± Broken words (“I was g. ..[pause] oing. ..”) ± Prolonged sounds (“sss. ....”) z Secondary Symptoms ± Twiches, changing posture ± They are often used to break a speech blockage. Abnormal Disfluencies 2/2 z Abnormal disfluencies impair ± speech Rate (normal 160words/min) ± articulation (see above) ± facial expressions (secondary symptom) ± postural adjustment (secondary symptom) z Listeners are keenly aware of normal vs. abnormal disfluencies ± E.g., native speakers vs. non-native speakers ± Non-native speakers have an accent, but they are not labeled as disfluent. Onset and development of Stuttering z First signs of persistent abnormal disfluencies occur in young children at the onset of language development. z
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course COM DIS 110 taught by Professor Weismer during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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Lecture 4-stuttering - COM DIS 110 Speech Disfluency...

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