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Lecture 5 - Soc 120 Marriage and the Family Lecture 5 U.S...

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1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 5 U.S. History II: The 20 th Century Prof. F. Elwert Review U.S. History until ~1900 – Coverture – Industrial revolution – Victorian era, separation of spheres
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2 Overview U.S. History: 20 th Century – The first few decades – Postwar demographic trends 1910-1935 Decline of Victorian ideal Drop in birthrate (greater privacy), increase in divorce rate (moral panic), but also increase in marriage rate First sexual revolution ~ 1920 Modest increase in female labor force participation • Women ± s right to vote 1920 (19 th Amendment) Changing meaning of marriage Importance of love & emotional satisfaction From institution to companionship But: Depression and New Deal try to reaffirm Victorian gender roles • Mother ± s pensions only for widows, most women excluded from 1935 social security legislation
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3 1950s Postwar domesticity, suburbanization ² Golden age of the family ³ was actually a highly unusual period for the American family!
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