Lecture 5 - Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 5 U.S....

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1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 5 U.S. History II: The 20 th Century Prof. F. Elwert Review • U.S. History until ~1900 – Coverture – Industrial revolution – Victorian era, separation of spheres
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2 Overview • U.S. History: 20 th Century – The first few decades – Postwar demographic trends 1910-1935 • Decline of Victorian ideal • Drop in birthrate (greater privacy), increase in divorce rate (moral panic), but also increase in marriage rate • First sexual revolution ~ 1920 • Modest increase in female labor force participation • Women ± s right to vote 1920 (19 th Amendment) • Changing meaning of marriage • Importance of love & emotional satisfaction • From institution to companionship • But: Depression and New Deal try to reaffirm Victorian gender roles • Mother ± s pensions only for widows, most women excluded from 1935 social security legislation
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3 1950s • Postwar domesticity, suburbanization ± Golden age of the family ² was actually
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 120 taught by Professor Elwert during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 5 - Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 5 U.S....

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