Lecture 8 - 1 Soc 120 Marriage and the Family Lecture 8...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 8: Social Class Prof. F. Elwert Review • Gender • Gender vs. sex • Biosocial perspective • Socialization • External constraints on gender roles • Doing gender 2 Preview • A short economic history since WWII • Class and status • Poverty • Inequality • The role of the family in rising inequality • Some socioeconomic differences across families Major Economic Changes Since WWII • Phase 1 : The Boom Years (1950s & 1960s) • Phase 2 : The Disconnection (1973-1990s) • Phase 3 : New Era (2000-present) 3 1950s & 1960s: Boom Years • Productivity increasing • Low unemployment • Good jobs (manufacturing) • Rising wages across income distribution ! Poverty: ¡ The rising tide lifted all boats. ¢ Poverty = 32% in 1950 22% in 1960 12% in 1970 1973-1990s: The Disconnection • Oil embargo 1973 • Recession 1974-75, early 1980s • High unemployment • Economic growth in 1980s didn’t benefit the poor • Declining wages for low educ/blue collar men • Growing family income inequality • Some improvement of wages of low-skilled workers in late 1990s economic boom — finally ! Poverty: ¡ Uneven tides ¢ (Danziger & Gottschalk, 1994) 3 1950s & 1960s: Boom Years • Productivity increasing • Low unemployment • Good jobs (manufacturing) • Rising wages across income distribution ! Poverty: ¡ The rising tide lifted all boats. ¢ Poverty = 32% in 1950 22% in 1960 12% in 1970 1973-1990s: The Disconnection • Oil embargo 1973 • Recession 1974-75, early 1980s • High unemployment • Economic growth in 1980s didn’t benefit the poor • Declining wages for low educ/blue collar men...
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  • Fall '11
  • ELWERT
  • Household income in the United States, Poverty threshold, Poverty in the United States, family income inequality

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Lecture 8 - 1 Soc 120 Marriage and the Family Lecture 8...

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