Lecture 17 - 1 Soc 120 Marriage and the Family Lecture 17...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 17: Children and Parents Prof. Elwert Review • Care work and housework • Who does what? • Second shift • Understanding gender division of household labor • Power & authority • Self-reinforcing mechanisms • Strategies of coming to terms with inequality – ¡ Family myths ¢ 2 Preview • Parents and Children • Socialization • Parenting styles – Baumrind: educational styles – Fathers – Lareau: educational styles by class, intergenerational transmission of social status – MacLanahan: parental resources by education Role of Parents • Childrearing is one central task of the public family • Material support, emotional support, control • Parental circumstances and parenting powerfully shape life chances of next generation • intergenerational transmission of class position • Challenges popular rhetoric of autonomy and personal responsibility, and equal opportunity 3 Socialization • Socialization involves parents, peers, media • Two stages of socialization: – Primary socialization: • Learning norms, attitudes, behaviors that enable membership of a culture – Secondary socialization: • Learning how to function in particular groups within society (e.g. profession) – Ongoing process Parenting Styles Differentiate parenting styles along dimensions of emotional support and exercise of control (Baumrind 1971) 1. Authoritative: high emotional support, consistent moderate control 2. Permissive: emotional support, little control 3. Authoritarian: low support, coercive (unreasoned) control 4 Parenting Styles • Authoritative often preferred, though research not strongest… • Authoritarian and discordant (i.e. conflicting) styles thought harmful • Group differences. • Race/ethnicity • Religion • Race and class differences (later slides) Fathers • Fathers tend to relate somewhat differently to children ( ¡ active play ¢ ) than mothers – though much more variation today • Historically, fathers were ¡ breadwinners ¢ • Today, can be involved in direct care, nurturing, engaging in activities, sharing responsibility for arranging care, etc....
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Lecture 17 - 1 Soc 120 Marriage and the Family Lecture 17...

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